Epidemiology and public health

Section edited by Giuseppe Verlato

This section concerns all aspects of the epidemiology of pulmonary disorders including but not limited to: cohort studies, genetic association studies, and prevalence studies.

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  1. Research article

    Risk of incident active tuberculosis disease in patients treated with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs: a population-based study

    Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB) is one of the world’s most devastating public health threats. Our goal is to evaluate whether the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) ...

    Chun-Wei Wu, Jiunn-Yih Wu, Meng-Tse Gabriel Lee, Chih-Cheng Lai, I-Lin Wu, Yi-Wen Tsai, Shy-Shin Chang and Chien-Chang Lee

    BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:82

    Published on: 4 May 2017

  2. Research article

    Validity and reliability of fluoroscopy for digital radiography: a new way to evaluate diaphragmatic mobility

    Fluoroscopy is considered the most accurate method to evaluate the diaphragm, yet most existing methods for measuring diaphragmatic mobility using fluoroscopy are complex. To assess the validity and reliabilit...

    Bruna Estima Leal, Márcia Aparecida Gonçalves, Liseane Gonçalves Lisboa, Larissa Martins Schmitz Linné, Michelle Gonçalves de Souza Tavares, Wellington Pereira Yamaguti and Elaine Paulin

    BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:62

    Published on: 17 April 2017

  3. Research article

    A prospective observational study to evaluate the effect of social and personality factors on continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) compliance in obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome

    Compliance with CPAP treatment for OSAS is not reliably predicted by the severity of symptoms or physiological variables. We examined a range of factors which could be measured before CPAP initiation to look f...

    Atul Gulati, Masood Ali, Mike Davies, Tim Quinnell and Ian Smith

    BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:56

    Published on: 22 March 2017

  4. Research article

    Systematic review of lung function and COPD with peripheral blood DNA methylation in population based studies

    Epigenetic variations in peripheral blood have potential as biomarkers for disease. This systematic review assesses the association of lung function and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) with DNA me...

    Matthew Machin, André F. S. Amaral, Matthias Wielscher, Faisal I. Rezwan, Medea Imboden, Marjo-Riitta Jarvelin, Ian M. Adcock, Nicole Probst-Hensch, John W. Holloway and Deborah L. Jarvis

    BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:54

    Published on: 20 March 2017

  5. Research article

    Observation management of pulmonary embolism and agreement with claims-based and clinical risk stratification criteria in United States patients: a retrospective analysis

    Guidelines suggest observation stays are appropriate for pulmonary embolism (PE) patients at low-risk for early mortality. We sought to assess agreement between United States (US) observation management of PE ...

    Elaine Nguyen, Craig I. Coleman, W. Frank Peacock, Philip S. Wells, Erin R. Weeda, Veronica Ashton, Concetta Crivera, Peter Wildgoose, Jeff R. Schein, Thomas J. Bunz and Gregory J. Fermann

    BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:37

    Published on: 13 February 2017

  6. Research article

    Development of a respiratory severity score for hospitalized adults in a high HIV-prevalence setting—South Africa, 2010–2011

    Acute lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) are a frequent cause of hospitalization and mortality in South Africa; however, existing respiratory severity scores may underestimate mortality risk in HIV-infe...

    Alexander J. Millman, Adena Greenbaum, Sibongile Walaza, Adam L. Cohen, Michelle J. Groome, Carrie Reed, Meredith McMorrow, Stefano Tempia, Marietjie Venter, Florette K. Treurnicht, Shabir A. Madhi, Cheryl Cohen and Ebrahim Variava

    BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:28

    Published on: 2 February 2017

  7. Research article

    Can healthcare utilization data reliably capture cases of chronic respiratory diseases? a cross-sectional investigation in Italy

    Healthcare utilization data are increasingly used for chronic disease surveillance. Nevertheless, no standard criteria for estimating prevalence of high-impact diseases, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary d...

    A Biffi, R Comoretto, A Arfè, L Scotti, L Merlino, A Vaghi, A Pesci, R de Marco and G Corrao

    BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:20

    Published on: 19 January 2017

  8. Research article

    A follow-up study of airway symptoms and lung function among residents and workers 5.5 years after an oil tank explosion

    Assess if people who lived or worked in an area polluted after an oil tank explosion had persistent respiratory health impairment as compared to a non-exposed population 5.5 years after the event.

    Jens-Tore Granslo, Magne Bråtveit, Bjørg Eli Hollund, Stein Håkon Låstad Lygre, Cecilie Svanes and Bente Elisabeth Moen

    BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:18

    Published on: 17 January 2017

  9. Research article

    Recurrent pneumonia among Japanese adults: disease burden and risk factors

    In Japan and other societies with rapidly aging populations, recurrent pneumonia (RP) is a major clinical problem yet only limited information exists regarding the burden of this disease.

    Tomoko Ishifuji, Eiichiro Sando, Norihiro Kaneko, Motoi Suzuki, Paul E. Kilgore, Koya Ariyoshi, Konosuke Morimoto, Naoto Hosokawa, Makito Yaegashi and Masahiro Aoshima

    BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:12

    Published on: 11 January 2017

  10. Research article

    Implementing flexible bronchoscopy in least developed countries according to international guidelines is feasible and sustainable: example from Phnom-Penh, Cambodia

    Flexible bronchoscopy is pivotal for the diagnosis of most respiratory diseases. A flexible bronchoscopy unit (FBU) was created in 2008 in the Preah Kossamak university hospital (Phnom Penh, Cambodia) through ...

    Martin Veaudor, Sébastien Couraud, Sophors Chan, Chanraksmey Choun, Pisethmorokoth Keo, Virginie Avrillon, Pierre-Jean Souquet and Chanty Ny

    BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:10

    Published on: 10 January 2017

  11. Research article

    Knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding tuberculosis care among health workers in Southern Mozambique

    Tuberculosis (TB) control is more likely to be achieved if the level of knowledge regarding TB is increased among health workers managing high-risk groups. No formal assessments regarding knowledge, attitudes ...

    Andrés Noé, Rafaela M. Ribeiro, Rui Anselmo, Maria Maixenchs, Layce Sitole, Khatia Munguambe, Silvia Blanco, Peter le Souef and Alberto L. García-Basteiro

    BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:2

    Published on: 5 January 2017

  12. Research article

    Childhood asthma, asthma severity indicators, and related conditions along an urban-rural gradient: a cross-sectional study

    Asthma prevalence is generally lower in rural locations with some indication of an urban-rural gradient. However, among children with asthma, certain rural exposures thought to protect against the development ...

    Joshua A. Lawson, Donna C. Rennie, Don W. Cockcroft, Roland Dyck, Anna Afanasieva, Oluwafemi Oluwole and Jinnat Afsana

    BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:4

    Published on: 5 January 2017

  13. Research article

    Household biomass fuel use, asthma symptoms severity, and asthma underdiagnosis in rural schoolchildren in Nigeria: a cross-sectional observational study

    In 2014, the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) reported that the highest prevalence of symptoms of severe asthma was found in the low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), includ...

    Oluwafemi Oluwole, Ganiyu O. Arinola, Dezheng Huo and Christopher O. Olopade

    BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:3

    Published on: 5 January 2017

  14. Research article

    Adiposity markers and lung function in smokers: a cross-sectional study in a Mediterranean population

    The aim of this study was to assess the association of key adiposity markers with lung function in smokers without respiratory disease in a Mediterranean population.

    Mar Sorlí-Aguilar, Francisco Martín-Luján, Gemma Flores-Mateo, Cristina Jardí-Piñana, Estefania Aparicio-Llopis, Josep Basora-Gallisà and Rosa Solà-Alberich

    BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2016 16:178

    Published on: 9 December 2016

  15. Research article

    Change in Pseudomonas aeruginosa prevalence in cystic fibrosis adults over time

    Little is known about risk factors for chronic and mucoid Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Pa) infection in cystic fibrosis (CF) adults, and whether the prevalence is changing.

    Mathew R. Crull, Kathleen J. Ramos, Ellen Caldwell, Nicole Mayer-Hamblett, Moira L. Aitken and Christopher H. Goss

    BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2016 16:176

    Published on: 7 December 2016

  16. Research article

    Immediate effect of CPAP titration on perceived health related quality of life: a prospective observational study

    Perceived Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) is impaired in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). This study examines changes in HRQoL aspects occurring immediately after CPAP titration. Furthermore, we analyzed ...

    Serena Iacono Isidoro, Adriana Salvaggio, Anna Lo Bue, Salvatore Romano, Oreste Marrone and Giuseppe Insalaco

    BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2016 16:172

    Published on: 1 December 2016

  17. Research article

    Are sleep disorders associated with increased mortality in asthma patients?

    South Korea has experienced problems regarding poor management of symptoms of asthma patients and remarkable increases in sleep disorders. However, few studies have investigated these issues. We examined the r...

    Kyu-Tae Han, Hong-Chul Bae, Sang Gyu Lee, Seung Ju Kim, Woorim Kim, Hyo Jung Lee, Yeong Jun Ju and Eun-Cheol Park

    BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2016 16:154

    Published on: 17 November 2016

  18. Research article

    Risk of asthma in patients with primary Sjögren’s syndrome: a retrospective cohort study

    Sjögren’s syndrome (SS) has been associated with bronchial hyperresponsiveness and asthma; however, no population-based cohort study has been performed. We evaluated the risk of asthma in patients with primary...

    Te-Chun Shen, Hsuan-Ju Chen, Chang-Ching Wei, Chia-Hung Chen, Chih-Yen Tu, Te-Chun Hsia, Chuen-Ming Shih, Wu-Huei Hsu, Fung-Chang Sung and Da-Tian Bau

    BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2016 16:152

    Published on: 16 November 2016

  19. Research article

    Hospitalizations due to respiratory failure in patients with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and their impact on survival: a population-based cohort study

    Respiratory failure, infections and aspiration pneumonia, are the main causes of morbidity and mortality in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS). In a population-based cohort, we assessed (a) hospital utilizati...

    Federica Edith Pisa, Giancarlo Logroscino, Paolo Giacomelli Battiston and Fabio Barbone

    BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2016 16:136

    Published on: 3 November 2016

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