Skip to main content

Table 2 Main medical factors leading to hospitalization of patients with LRTIs (n = 544)

From: Which patients with lower respiratory tract infections need inpatient treatment? Perceptions of physicians, nurses, patients and relatives

  Low Risk CAP patients (PSI class I-III)   High risk CAP patients (PSI class IV-V)  
  (n = 181)   (n = 215)  
  Physicians Nurses Patients Relatives P values Physicians Nurses Patients Relatives P values
  (n = 167) (n = 154) (n = 158) (n = 45)   (n = 200) (n = 182) (n = 178) (n = 67)  
Fear of severe infection 40.1 40.2 53.9 46.7 <0.001 35.9 36.3 54.1 50.5 <0.001
Fear of adverse outcome 5.5 4.6 7.5 8.3 0.02 4.7 5.3 4.5 8.4 0.002
Severe comorbidities 11.3 8.9 11 15 <0.001 20.4 14.3 15.7 21.1 <0.001
Requires further diagnostic work up 8.9 10.8 5.3 1.7 <0.001 8.6 9.4 5.4 3.2 0.03
Requires intravenous therapy 28.8 31.7 15.8 16.7 0.002 26.8 29.2 12.4 6.3 <0.001
Other reason 5.5 3.9 6.6 11.7 0.24 3.7 5.6 7.9 10.5 0.03
  Patients with acute bronchitis   Patients with ECOPD  
  (n = 45)   (n = 103)  
  Physicians Nurses Patients Relatives P values Physicians Nurses Patients Relatives P values
  (n = 40) (n = 35) (n = 39) (n = 10)   (n = 94) (n = 86) (n = 86) (n = 29)  
Fear of severe infection 20 33.3 42.3 38.9 0.008 29.7 41.9 51.7 60 <0.001
Fear of adverse outcome 12.3 13.7 9.6 11.1 <0.001 12.7 8.9 9.5 13.3 0.007
Severe comorbidities 32.3 21.6 25 22.2 <0.001 27.2 13.7 20.7 16.7 <0.001
Requires further diagnostic work up 18.5 7.8 5.8 0 <0.002 8.9 8.1 5.2 3.3 <0.002
Requires intravenous therapy 9.2 15.7 3.8 11.1 <0.003 14.6 21.8 6 3.3 <0.003
Other reason 7.7 7.8 13.5 16.7 0.001 7 5.6 6.9 3.3 0.092