Skip to main content

Table 1 Baseline characteristics

From: Singing teaching as a therapy for chronic respiratory disease - a randomised controlled trial and qualitative evaluation

  Total
n = 28
Singing
n = 15
Control
n = 13
P value
Age (yrs) 67.3 (8.1) 66.6 (9.3) 68.1 (6.8) 0.6
FEV1 % predicted 37.2 (18.6) 36.8 (15.4) 37.7 (22.4) 0.9
Breath hold time (s) 26.3 (11.1) 27.4 (11.7) 24.9 (10.5) 0.9
Single breath counting (n) 23.4 (6.9) 24.8 (7.7) 21.8 (5.7) 0.3
HAD - anxiety score 5.8 (2.9) 6.3 (3.1) 5.3 (2.6) 0.4
HAD -depression score 5.8 (3.1) 5.7 (2.8) 5.8 (3.6) 1.0
SGRQ Total 48.4 (14.5) 51.1 (14.8) 45.3 (14.0) 0.3
SF36 PCS 36.8 (18.4) 32.0 (14.0) 42.2 (21.8) 0.1
SF36 MCS 52.0 (17.9) 47.4 (14.8) 57.2 (20.1) 0.2
ISWT (m) 198.6 (131.3) 174.0 (137.2) 226.9 (123.3) 0.3
Subjective recovery (s) 124.2 (77.6) 115.9 (50.4) 133.8 (102.0) 0.6
O2 satn recovery (s) 77.7 (71.6) 73.5 (44.6) 82.6 (95.7) 0.7
HR recovery (s) 131.0 (89.5) 97.6 (40.8) 169.6 (114.3) 0.03*
  1. FEV1 - forced expiratory volume in one second, HAD - hospital anxiety and depression score, SGRQ - St George's Respiratory Questionnaire, SF36 short form 36, PCS - physical component score, MCS - mental component score, ISWT - incremental shuttle walk test distance, HR heart rate. *p < 0.05 unpaired t test singing group vs control group.