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Table 5 Frequency distribution of individual Reflux-Associated Respiratory Symptoms (RARS) in subjects.

From: Prevalence of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease symptoms and reflux-associated respiratory symptoms in asthma

RARS Asthmatics with GORD score
> 12.5 (n = 120)
Asthmatics with GORDscore
<12.5 (n = 82)
Heartburn associated   
   cough 3 (2.5) 1 (1.2)
   wheeze 4 (3.3) -
   difficulty in breathing 50 (41.7) -
   chest tightness 4 (3.3) -
   inhaler use 1 (0.8) -
Regurgitation associated   
   cough 2 (1.7) 1 (1.2)
   wheeze 7 (5.8) -
   difficulty in breathing 29 (24.2) -
   chest tightness 2 (1.7) -
   inhaler use 3 (2.5) -
Abdominal/chest pain associated   
   cough 2 (1.7) -
   wheeze 2 (1.7) -
   difficulty in breathing 20 (16.7) 1 (1.2)
   chest tightness 7 (5.8) -
   inhaler use 2 (1.7) -
Abdominal distension associated   
   cough 1 (0.8) -
   wheeze 3 (2.5) 1 (1.2)
   difficulty in breathing 16 (13.3) 2 (2.4)
   chest tightness 7 (5.8) -
   inhaler use 3 (2.5) 1 (1.2)
Dysphagia associated   
   cough 1 (0.8) -
   wheeze - -
   difficulty in breathing 4 (3.3) -
   chest tightness - -
   inhaler use - -
Belching associated   
   cough 2 (1.7) -
   wheeze 2 (1.7) -
   difficulty in breathing 11 (9.2) 1 (1.2)
   chest tightness 12 (10) 1 (1.2)
   inhaler use 3 (2.5) -
  1. * All values are given as number (percentage)