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Table 3 Effect of pulmonary rehabilitation in patients with COPD

From: Does pulmonary rehabilitation address cardiovascular risk factors in patients with COPD?

  Start of rehabilitation End of rehabilitation p value
Aortic PWV (m/s) 9.8 (3.0) 9.3 (2.7) <0.05
Brachial PWV (m/s) 9.0 (1.7) 8.9 (1.6) 0.535
AIx (%) 33.9 (5.3) 33.6 (8.8) 0.833
Peripheral SBP (mmHg) 138 (20) 128 (24) <0.01
Peripheral DBP (mmHg) 83 (9) 78 (12) <0.01
Peripheral PP (mmHg) 55 (15) 49 (19) <0.05
Peripheral MAP (mmHg) 101 (12) 95 (14) <0.001
Central SBP (mmHg) 126 (21) 120 (23) <0.05
Central DBP (mmHg) 83 (12) 79 (12) <0.05
Central PP (mmHg) 43 (14) 41 (18) 0.471
Central MAP (mmHg) 103 (14) 95 (14) <0.001
Heart Rate (bpm) 76 (12) 76 (14) 0.933
Fasting Glucose (mmol/L) 5.0 (0.7) 4.8 (0.8) 0.079
Total Fasting Cholesterol (mmol/L) 5.6 (1.2) 5.4 (1.1) <0.05
LDL (mmol/L) 3.4 (1.1) 3.3 (1.2) 0.389
HDL (mmol/L) 1.7 (0.5) 1.6 (0.4) 0.050
ISWT (m) 190 (70) 274 (76) <0.001
SGRQ Total Score 56.5 (13.9) 44.9 (16.1) <0.001
  1. Data presented as mean (SD)
  2. Abbreviations: AIx = augmentation index; DBP= diastolic blood pressure; HDL = high-density lipoprotein; IL-6 = interleukin 6; ISWT = Incremental shuttle walk test; LDL = low-density lipoprotein; MAP = mean arterial pressure; PP = pulse pressure; PWV = pulse wave velocity; SBP = systolic blood pressure; SGRQ = St Georges respiratory questionnaire.