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Table 3 Symptoms according to the ECRHS screening questionnaire in participants 20-44 yr, by gender

From: Population prevalence of asthma and its determinants based on European Community Respiratory Health Survey in the United Arab Emirates

ECRHS screening questionnaire symptoms within the last 12 months, n (%) 20 to 44 yr
male
(n = 440)
20 to 44 yr
female
(n = 262)
p
Wheezing/whistling 30 (6.8%) 27 (10.3%) 0.069
   Wheezing with breathlessness 26 (5.9%) 24 (9.2%) 0.253
   Wheezzing without a cold 23 (5.2%) 20 (7.6%) 0.255
Woken up with chest tightness 28 (6.4%) 25 (9.5%) 0.080
Woken up by shortness of breath 31 (7.0%) 20 (7.6%) 0.440
Woken up by an attack of coughing 29 (6.6%) 30 (11.5%) 0.034*
Attack of asthma 21 (4.8%) 21 (8.0%) 0.058
Currently taking asthma medications 26 (5.9%) 20 (7.6%) 0.230
Nasal allergies (including hay fever) 21 (4.8%) 25 (9.5%) 0.011*
  1. "*" Significant p-value