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Table 3 Sputum cytological changes before and after in the three groups

From: Effectiveness of treatment with high-frequency chest wall oscillation in patients with bronchiectasis

  Control group (Ctrl) CPT treatment HFCWO treatment Difference between after and before
  Before After Before After Before After CPT HFCWO HFCWO
  vs Ctrl vs Ctrl vs CPT
  Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD P-value (covariance analysis)
TCCx 106/mg 9891 1797.3 10517 2514.9 9.636 3.181 8.490. 2.771 9.671 2.136 7.225 1.186 0.001 0.001 0.096
Neutroph % 70.54 5.5 78.09 6.8 65.3 10.1 62.0 9.9 72.5 9.2 59.9 10.1 0.001 0.001 0.002
Lymphoc % 9.11 3.6 7.17 2.7 11.3 4.8 13.5 3.9 10.2 5.2 11.9 4.9 0.001 0.001 0.548
Eosin % 1.09 0.46 0.97 0.44 0.9 0.4 0.7 0.4 0.6 0.2 0.6 0.1 0.7 0.5 0.333
Macroph % 37.2 7.8 32.2 10.8 26.9 8.5 31.2 7.5 19.9 11.1 35.6 15.2 0.03 0.001 0.012
Sputum (ml) 74.0 10.7 77.0 10.6 70.0 21.1 62.5 18.9 72.5 23.9 52.0 16.9 0.04 0.001 0.01
  1. TCC Total cell count.
  2. Neu Neutrophyls.
  3. Lymph Lymphocytes.
  4. Eos Eosinophyls.
  5. Macr Macrophages.
  6. CPT Chest Physiotherapy.
  7. HFCWO High frequency chest wall oscillation.
  8. Ctrl Control group.