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Table 4 Association of each comorbidity with any vs. no asthma-related hospitalization/ED admission in the past year

From: Major comorbid conditions in asthma and association with asthma-related hospitalizations and emergency department admissions in adults: results from the German national health telephone interview survey (GEDA) 2010

Any vs. no asthma-related hospitalization/ED admission in the past year Current allergic rhinitis Current GERS AERD
  (yes vs. no) (yes vs. no) (yes vs. no)
  OR (95%-CI) OR (95%-CI) OR (95%-CI)
Model 1 n = 1120 n = 1128 n = 1122
 no 1.00 1.00 1.00
 yes 1.53 (0.90–2.62) 1.23 (0.72–2.10) 3.78 (2.03–7.04)
Model 2 n = 1120 n = 1128 n = 1122
 no 1.00 1.00 1.00
 yes 1.41 (0.83–2.40) 1.26 (0.73–2.17) 4.06 (2.20–7.47)
Model 3 n = 1044 n = 1051 n = 1045
 no 1.00 1.00 1.00
 yes 1.30 (0.75–2.26) 1.12 (0.64–1.98) 4.49 (2.47–8.16)
  1. Odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (95%-CI) obtained from logistic regression models.
  2. *Model 1, unadjusted; model 2, adjusted for age group (18–29, 30–44, 45–64, ≥65) and sex; model 3, adjusted for age group (18–29, 30–44, 45–64, ≥65), sex, educational attainment, smoking status, BMI status, and asthma duration. Gastroesophageal reflux disease-like symptoms (GERS); acetylsalicylic acid exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD).