Skip to main content

Table 3 Comparison of predisposing factors between children with rCAP (≤3) and those with hrCAP (>3 CAP)

From: Clinical profile of recurrent community-acquired pneumonia in children

Predisposing factor ≤3 CAP   >3 CAP   Comparison between groups OR (95% CI)§
  Total (n = 71) % Total (n = 75) %  
GERD       
  Yes 10 14.1 21 28.0 0.04 2.34 (0.07-5.69)
  No 61 85.9 54 72.0   1§§
Overweight/obesity       
  BMI SD <1 58 81.7 54 72.0 0.53 1§§
  BMI SD ≥1 13 18.3 21 28.0   2.18 (0.53-8.91)
Wheezing       
  Yes 51 71.8 62 82.7 0.056 2.43 (1.02-5.79)
  No 20 28.2 13 17.3   1§§
Chronic rhinosinusitis with post nasal drip       
  Yes 46 64.8 59 78.7 0.06 1.97 (0.91-4.27)
  No 25 35.2 16 21.3   1§§
Middle lobe syndrome       
  Yes 12 16.9 32 42.7   3.02 (1.36-6.71)
  No 59 83.1 43 57.3 <0.001 1§§
Recurrent upper respiratory tract infections       
  Yes 47 66.2 52 69.3 0.69 1.33 (0.64-2.80)
  No 24 33.8 23 30.7   1§§
Atopy/allergy       
  Yes 28 39.4 47 62.7 0.005 2.20 (1.10-4.42)
  No 43 60.6 28 37.3   1§§
Asthma       
  Yes 11 15.5 35 46.7 <0.001 3.46 (1.48-8.08)
  No 60 84.5 40 53.3   1§§
  1. CI: confidence interval; BMI SD: body mass index standard deviation; GERD: gastroesophageal reflux disease; OR: odds ratio; °Chi-squared test; §estimates from multiple logistic regression models, including terms for gender and age (<7 vs ≥7 years old, median values); §§reference category.