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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the participants

From: Comparison of the effects of pulmonary rehabilitation with chest physical therapy on the levels of fibrinogen and albumin in patients with lung cancer awaiting lung resection: a randomized clinical trial

Variable PR (n = 12) CPT (n = 12) P
Sex (M/F)* 4/8 5/7 0.46
Age (years)mean ± standard deviation† 65 ± 8 69 ± 7 0.33
BMI (kg · m -2 ) mean ± standard deviation 26 ± 5 24 ± 6 0.56
Current smoker (n/%)* 10/83 9/75 0.44
Comorbidity (n/%)* 7/58 4/33 0.35
With COPD (n/%)* 9/75 10/83 0.62
LC stage (n/%)*    
Stage I/II 11/92 9/75 0.16
Stage III A 1/8 3/25  
Lung function    
FEV 1 (%)mean ± standard deviation† 48 ± 14 49 ± 12 0.41
FVC (%)median(25%-75%)‡ 63 (53 – 93) 63 (50 – 71) 0.26
FEV 1 /FVC (%)median(25%-75%)‡ 62 (51 – 73) 56 (53 – 61) 0.71
Arterial blood gas    
PaCO2 41.8 ± 3.8 42.5 ± 3.6 0.3
PaO 2 75.8 ± 5.8 79.9 ± 1.8 0.2
Fibrinogen (mg/dl) median (25%-75%)‡ 414 (366 – 588) 368 (318 – 527) 0.31
Albumin (g/dl) mean ± standard deviation† 4.1 ± 0.6 3.9 ± 0.3 0.35
Physical capacity    
UULEX (kg)median (25%-75%)‡ 1 (1 – 1.5) 0.75 (0.5 – 1) 0.08
Endurance testing(s) mean ± standard deviation† 429 ± 156 503 ± 216 0.35
6MWT(m) mean ± standard deviation† 425 ± 85 339 ± 108 0.06
Quality of life    
SF-36 PCS (%)mean ± standard deviation† 36 ± 8 36 ± 8 0.99
SF-36 MCS (%)mean ± standard deviation† 44 ± 13 43 ± 13 0.86
Anxiety and Depression    
HADS-A (scores)median (25%-75%)‡ 12 (6 – 13) 10 (4 – 14) 0.72
HADS-D (scores) mean ± standard deviation† 10 ± 5 10 ± 3 0.75
  1. *Fisher exat test. †student t test ‡Mann–Whitney U test. PR: Pulmonary Rehabilitation group; CPT: Chest Physical Therapy group; M: Male; F: Female; BMI: Body Mass Index; COPD: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease; LC: Lung Cancer; PaO2: Partial pressure of Oxygen in arterial blood; PaCO2: Partial pressure of Carbon Dioxide in arterial blood; FEV1: Forced Expiratory Volume at the first second; FVC: Forced Vital Capacity; UULEX: unsupported upper limb exercise test; 6MWT: 6-minute Walk Test; PCS: SF-36 Physical Component Summary; MCS: SF-36 Mental Component Summary; HADS-A: Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale – Anxiety; HADS-D: Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale – Depression. Student’s t-test was used for continuous variables and Chi-squared test was used for categorical variables.