Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 5 Frequency distribution of viral infections in children with recurrent or non-recurrent wheezing

From: Genetic polymorphisms and risk of recurrent wheezing in pediatric age

Viral infection Non-recurrent wheezing (n = 74) Recurrent wheezing (n = 45)  
  N % N % p-value
RSV      
No 21 28.4 22 48.9  
Yes 53 71.6 23 51.1 0.02
RV (any type)      
No 59 79.7 33 73.3  
Yes 15 20.3 12 26.7 0.42
Enterovirus      
No 70 94.6 37 82.2  
Yes 4 5.4 8 17.8 0.055
Coronavirus (any type)      
No 71 96.0 43 95.6  
Yes 3 4.0 2 4.4 1.00
Metapneumovirus      
No 68 91.9 43 95.6  
Yes 6 8.1 2 4.4 0.71
Bocavirus      
No 72 97.3 43 95.6  
Yes 2 2.7 2 4.4 0.63
Influenza (any type)      
No 72 97.3 44 97.8  
Yes 2 2.7 1 2.2 1.00
Parainfluenza (any type)      
No 72 97.3 45 100.0  
Yes 2 2.7 0 0.0 0.53
Any viral infection      
No 7 9.5 8 17.8  
Yes 67 90.5 37 82.2 0.18
  1. p-values from chi-squared or Fisher’s exact test, as appropriate. RSV respiratory syncytial virus, RV rhinovirus. The frequency of RSV was significantly higher in patients with non-recurrent wheezing than in those with recurrent episodes (p = 0.02).