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Table 4 Steroid use in patients with asthma as a predictor of chronic kidney disease, by Cox regression analysis

From: Bronchial asthma is associated with increased risk of chronic kidney disease

Characteristics No. (%) of individuals
  With steroid use n = 19720 Without steroid use n = 15366
With chronic kidney disease 1038 1158
Without chronic kidney disease 18682 14208
Hazard ratio 0.74 (0.70-0.78)  
Hazard ratio* 0.56 (0.53-0.589)  
  1. Note: p < 0.001 for comparison between patients who used steroids and those who did not.
  2. Hazard Ratio*, Adjusted for diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and heart disease.