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Table 2 Predictors of mortality for patients with exacerbation of COPD

From: Predictors of mortality of patients with acute respiratory failure secondary to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease admitted to an intensive care unit: A one year study

Parameter Survivors (n = 52) Non-survivors (n = 30) p value
  Mean ± SD Mean ± SD  
APACHE II score 10.6 ± 4.3 17.5 ± 5.7 0.001
GCS 12.8 ± 2.1 10.8 ± 3.7 0.003
MBP (mmHg) 93 ± 13.6 82.5 ± 24.7 0.015
PR (per minute) 110.7 ± 16.9 102.2 ± 21.1 0.049
Serum Albumin (gm%) 3.5 ± 0.5 2.7 ± 0.6 0.001
PaCO2 (mmHg) 81.2 ± 20.8 68.7 ± 25.8 0.018
HCO3 (mmol/L) 33.8 ± 8.1 29.6 ± 9.1 0.035
Need of reintubation 35.3% 4.4% 0.001
Renal Failure Nil 16.7% 0.002
Sepsis Nil 36.7% <0.001
  1. GCS: Glasgow coma scale, MBP: Mean blood pressure, PR: Pulse rate.