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Table 3 A variety of modalities and treatments applied in both groups with the use of rigid as well as the flexible bronchoscopes.

From: Post tracheostomy and post intubation tracheal stenosis: Report of 31 cases and review of the literature

  PT group (n = 20) Number of procedures PI group (n = 11) Number of procedures
RB and FB (mean and range) 20 41 (2.1, 1–5) 11 36 (3.2, 1–17)
Surgery 0 0 1 1
Nd:YAG Laser 8 9 6 14
Electrocautery 5 7 0 0
APC 1 1 2 2
Balloon dilatation 6 8 3 3
Cryotherapy 1 1 1 1
Stent 11 15 6 11
Montgomery tube 2 2 0 0
Mechanical debulking/dilation 5 5 6 7
  1. APC: Argon Plasma Coagulation, Nd:YAG: Neodymium-Doped Yttrium Aluminium Garnet, PI: Post Intubation, PT: Post Tracheostomy. RB: Rigid bronchoscopy, FB: Flexible bronchoscopy.