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Table 2 Asthma symptoms and severity in usual care and intervention groups of patients at the beginning, middle and the end of the study

From: Improvement in symptoms and pulmonary function of asthmatic patients due to their treatment according to the Global Strategy for Asthma Management (GINA)

  Beginning Middle End
Symptoms Usual care Gr. Intervention Gr. Usual care Gr. Intervention Gr. Usual care Gr. Intervention Gr.
Night wheezing 2.12 ± 0.90 1.73 ± 0.92
NS
1.50 ± 0.98 0.50 ± 0.58
***
2.00 ± 0.98 0.19 ± 0.40
***
Night coughing 1.67 ± 1.09 1.81 ± 1.17
NS
1.08 ± 0.83 0.42 ± 0.64
**
1.25 ± 1.07 0.15 ± 0.37
***
Exercising W and C 2.04 ± 0.85 1.81 ± 0.85
NS
1.50 ± 0.83 0.73 ± 0.60
***
1.79 ± 0.83 0.27 ± 0.45
***
Morning W and C 1.50 ± 1.06 1.42 ± 1.03
NS
1.08 ± 093 0.38 ± 0.64
**
1.21 ± 1.02 015 ± 0.37
***
Daily
W and C
1.79 ± 1.02 1.88 ± 0.86
NS
1.54 ± 1.02 0.42 ± 0.64
***
1.63 ± 0.88 0.16 ± 0.37
***
Weekly
W and C
5.79 ± 2.25 5.23 ± 1.90
NS
4.67 ± 1.97 1.38 ± 1.17
***
5.46 ± 2.06 0.35 ± 0.56
***
Chest wheezing 2.33 ± 0.76 2.19 ± 0.63
NS
1.83 ± 0.76 0.54 ± 0.65
***
2.13 ± 0.80 0.31 ± 0.47
***
Asthma severity 2.67 ± 1.01 2.23 ± 0.82
NS
2.38 ± 0.88 1.11 ± 0.52
***
2.54 ± 1.02 1.00 ± 0.40
***
  1. Gr.: group, W: wheezing, C: coughing. All values were quoted as mean ± SEM. Statistical difference in different parameter between usual care and intervention group: NS; non significant difference, **; p < 0.005, ***; p < 0.001.