Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 4 Studies were indirect cost exceeded direct cost of asthma

From: Economic burden of asthma: a systematic review

References No. Country Study duration Sample size Total indirect cost Mean annual indirect cost/person % Total direct cost Total cost Mean annual cost per person
Institutional studies
13 Spain 1 yr 333 - 2,749 69 1,221 - 3,970
17 Italy 1 yr 500 - 1,068 52 970 - 2,038
22* US 1 yr 638 - n/a 55 488 - 727
50 Denmark 1 yr 115 822,067 - 67 402,668 1,224,735 -
National studies
51 Germany 1 yr 52,794 n/a - 75 - 4.43 b -
  1. All costs are converted and adjusted into 2008 US dollars
  2. * n/a: data not available; b: billion; yr: year