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Table 5 Studies that represented inpatient care cost as the largest proportion of total direct cost or total asthma related cost

From: Economic burden of asthma: a systematic review

References No. Country Study duration Sample size Cost of inpatient care/person Total direct cost Total asthma related cost/person Total asthma related cost
     Mean SD 95%CI %    
Institutional studies
15 Canada 1 yr 940 614¥ - - - 1,421 - -
28 Australia 1 yr 245 397 - - - - 779 -
30 France 1 yr 17 ** 229 282.4 - 52 - - 6,856
38 UK 1 yr 29* 439 816 0–2,895 57 - - 773
42 Canada 1 yr 339 591 - - 77ψ - 766 -
48 Switzerland 1 yr 589 928 - - 47ξ 1,779 - -
52 Spain 3 mo 126 1,932 - 1,529–2,353 83 2,338 - -
53 France 1 yr 94** 64,675ϕ - - 86 - - 745,847
Regional studies
54 US 1 yr 530,000 7.8 m - - - - - 20 m
National studies
14 US 1 yr 4.7 m 4 b - 2 – 6 b 54 7 b - -
20 Singapore 1 yr 27,164** 12 m - - - 25 m 346 49 m
49 US 5 yrs 463,500** 1.6 b - - 67 4 b - 7.2 b
  1. All costs are converted and adjusted into 2008 US dollars
  2. ¥ from the societal perspective; * Number of the trial families admitted to hospital, out of 94 trials; **average number of hospitalization for asthma in one year; ξ: Hospital care found to be a major cost factor only in the adult group of the study;
  3. ψ: From ministry of health (MOH) perspective. It accounted 43% of total cost from a societal perspective;
  4. ϕ:of total study sample size; m: million; b: billion; mo: month; yr: year