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Table 4 Within-group changes in measures of balance compared to the recent RCT [24] (mean (SD))

From: Minimizing the evidence-practice gap – a prospective cohort study incorporating balance training into pulmonary rehabilitation for individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

  KT trial RCT trial
Outcome Pre-test Post-test P value # Pre-test Post-test P value
BBS 46.3 (7.1) 53.3 (3.7) p < 0.001 45.6 (5.8) 52.6 (2.9) p < 0.001
BESTest – biomechanics 8.1 (3.2) 10.6 (2.9) p = 0.001 9.4 (2.6) 11.9 (2.5) p < 0.001
BESTest – stability 14.5 (2.4) 17.6 (1.1) p < 0.001 16.4 (2.4) 17.8 (1.7) p = 0.001
BESTest – transitions 11.5 (3.3) 14.4 (2.9) p < 0.001 12.6 (2.9) 14.2 (2.4) p = 0.001
BESTest – reactive 12.6 (3.7) 15.6 (2.3) p = 0.001 13.3 (4.0) 15.4 (2.4) p = 0.006
BESTest – sensory 10.5 (2.6) 13.4 (2.3) p < 0.001 11.5 (2.1) 13.2 (1.4) p < 0.001
BESTest – gait 9.7 (4.3) 15.0 (4.8) p < 0.001 11.6 (4.0) 14.4 (3.2) p < 0.001
BESTest total 66.9 (15.2) 86.6 (12.3) p < 0.001 66.4 (13.1) 82.0 (9.2) p < 0.001
ABC score 69.2 (24.9) 78.2 (17.3) p = 0.005 57.6 (24.0) 74.6 (13.0) p < 0.001
  1. PR = pulmonary rehabilitation; BBS = Berg balance test; BESTest = Balance evaluations and systems test; ABC = activities-specific balance confidence
  2. # = non-parametric tests applied