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Table 1 ACT score and spirometric measurements among studied groups

From: Patterns of heart rate variability and cardiac autonomic modulations in controlled and uncontrolled asthmatic patients

  HS CA UA P
N = 40 N = 37 N = 43
Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD)
Median (Q1 –Q3) Median (Q1 –Q3) Median (Q1 –Q3)
ACT score   19.0 (17.0 – 21.0) 13.0 (10.0–13.0) <0.001*
FEV1% 90.5 (5.5) 78.5 (14.6) 68.0 (13.6) HS vs. CA < 0.001*
HS vs. UA < 0.001*
CA vs.UA < 0.001*
PEFR (L/sec) 7.4 (1.6) 5.3 (1.9) 4.5 (1.9) HS vs. CA < 0.001*
HS vs. UA < 0.001*
CA vs.UA = 0.054
FEF25% (L/sec) 6.8 (1.5) 4.7 (2.0) 3.5 (1.8) HS vs. CA < 0.001*
HS vs. UA < 0.001*
CA vs.UA = 0.006*
FEF50% (L/sec) 4.9 (3.7–6.1) 2.8 (2.0 – 4.4.0) 1.7 (1.0–2.6) HS vs. CA < 0.001*
HS vs. UA < 0.001*
CA vs.UA = 0.004*
FEF75% (L/sec) 2.3 (1.8–2.5) 1.2 (0.7 – 1.8) 0.7 (0.4–1.3) HS vs. CA < 0.001*
HS vs. UA < 0.001*
CA vs.UA = 0.005*
  1. ACT Asthma control test, CA Controlled asthmatic, FEF Forced expiratory flow, FEV1 Forced expiratory volume in the first second, HS Healthy subjects, PEFR Peak expiratory flow rate, Q1 25 quartile, Q3 75 quartile, SD Standard deviation, UA Uncontrolled asthma, * Statistically significant.