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Table 3 Characteristics of current asthmatics with current and previous allergic rhinitis (AR) and without allergic rhinitis

From: The impact of allergic rhinitis on the management of asthma in a working population

  Current asthmatics with current AR Current asthmatics with previous AR Current asthmatics without AR  
(N = 95) (N = 176) (N = 103)
  n % n % n % P value
Sex        <0.001
 Men 41 43.2 114 52.3 63 61.2  
 Women 54 56.8 62 39.7 40 38.8  
Age        ns
  < 25 years 14 14.7 31 17.6 19 18.4  
 25–34 years 25 26.3 51 29.0 22 21.4  
 35–44 years 28 29.5 47 26.7 30 29.1  
 45–54 years 21 22.1 37 21.0 25 24.3  
  > 55 years 7 7.4 10 5.7 7 6.8  
Smoking habits        ns
 Never 43 45.7 68 39.1 35 34.0  
 Past 17 18.1 43 24.7 21 20.4  
 Current 34 36.2 63 36.2 47 45.6  
Body Mass Index (kg/m2)        ns
 Underweight (<18.5) 6 7.1 9 5.3 8 8.2  
 Normal (18.5–25) 42 49.4 88 51.8 49 50.5  
 Overweight (25–30) 27 31.8 54 31.8 29 29.9  
 Obese (>30) 10 11.8 19 11.2 11 11.3  
Hospitalization during the last 12 months 18 18.9 27 15.4 19 18.4 ns
Emergency visits during the last 12 months 11 11.6 30 17.1 30 29.1 <0.001
Pulmonary function        ns
  ≤ 70 % 9 1.9 27 16.9 17 17.9  
 71–79 % 37 42.0 56 35.0 36 37.9  
  ≥ 80 % 42 51.1 77 48.1 42 44.2  
Occupational categories        <0.001
 Managers 14 15.2 17 9.7 8 7.9  
 Intermediate and supervisory 33 35.9 47 26.9 32 31.7  
 Office and sales personnel 28 30.4 41 23.4 16 15.8  
 Skilled laborers 7 7.6 42 24.0 26 25.7  
 Unskilled laborers 10 10.9 28 16.0 19 18.8  
Industries        ns
 Agriculture - - - - - -  
 Manufacturing industries 12 13.0 39 22.3 19 18.4  
 Construction industry 8 8.7 21 12.0 8 7.8  
 Trade 9 9.8 26 14.9 15 14.6  
 Transportation - - - - - -  
 Personal service activities - - - - - -  
 Real estate, business activities 13 14.1 30 17.1 23 22.3  
 Finance - - - - - -  
 Education, health, social 21 22.8 22 12.6 16 15.5  
 Administration 14 15.2 20 11.4 10 9.7