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Table 2 Main causes of acute respiratory failure

From: Performance of noninvasive ventilation in acute respiratory failure in critically ill patients: a prospective, observational, cohort study

Causes of failure, n (%) NIV failure 26 (20.6 %) NIV success 59 (69.4 %) P value
Community acquired pneumonia 10 (38.5) 20 (33.9) 0.806
Cardiogenic pulmonary edema 4 (15.4) 15 (25.4) 0.402
Acute respiratory distress syndrome 5 (19.2) 5 (8.5) 0.271
Acute COPD 3 (11.5) 7 (11.9) 1.000
Other causes of ARFa 4 (15.4) 12 (20.3) 0.766
  1. ¶ = p values with Fisher’s exact test comparing NIV failure vs. NIV success groups. COPD Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, a = mucous plugging, atelectasis, pulmonary embolism, pulmonary contusion and neuromuscular disease