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Table 1 Patient characteristics at admission (n = 28)

From: Can fiberoptic bronchoscopy be applied to critically ill patients treated with noninvasive ventilation for acute respiratory distress syndrome? Prospective observational study

Age (yrs) 63.3 ± 15.9
Gender (male), n (%) 15 (53.6)
Comorbid illnesses, n (%)
 Coronary artery disease
 Hematological malignancy
 Interstitial lung disease
 Connective tissue diseases
 Chronic lung disease
 Solid organ malignancy
 Diabetes mellitus
 Chronic renal failure
 Others
27 (96.4)
9 (32.1)
7 (25.0)
6 (21.4)
6 (21.4)
5 (17.9)
4 (14.3)
3 (10.7)
3 (10.7)
3 (10.7)
Immunosuppression, n (%) 20 (71.4)
APACHE II scorea 15.5 (9–27)
PaO2/FiO2 145 ± 50.1
The diagnosis of hospitalisation, n (%)
 Pneumonia
 Alveoler hemorrhage
 Respiratory failure (other etiology)
20 (71.4)
3 (10.7)
5 (17.9)
ARDS, n (%)
 Mild
 Moderate
 Severe
5 (17.9)
18 (64.2)
5 (17.9)
Chest X-ray findings, n (%)
 Bilateral alveolar infiltrates
 Bilateral interstitial infiltrates
 Bilateral interstitial and alveolar infiltrates
17 (60.7)
7 (25.0)
4 (14.3)
  1. aMedian value (range)
  2. Abbreviations: APACHE II acute physiology assessment and chronic health evaluation II, ARDS acute respiratory distress syndrome