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Table 2 Patients characteristics, indications and results of FOB

From: Can fiberoptic bronchoscopy be applied to critically ill patients treated with noninvasive ventilation for acute respiratory distress syndrome? Prospective observational study

No Diagnosis at hospitalisation Immuno-suppression PreFOB ARDS category FOB indications FOB diagnosis Infectious agents Intubation Intubation time (hour)
1 Pneumonia + Severe Opportunistic infections Infection CMV -  
2 Pneumonia + Mild Opportunistic infections Infection Geotrichum capitatum + 24–48
3 Pneumonia - Severe Opportunistic infections Infection Aspergillus spp., Respiratory virus -  
4 Pneumonia + Mild Opportunistic infections Infection C. albicans, CMV, Respiratory virus -  
5 Pneumonia + Moderate Opportunistic infections Infection C. albicans, CMV -  
6 Alveoler hemorrhage + Moderate Alveoler hemorrhage Alveoler hemorrhage   -  
7 Respiratory failure - Moderate Aspiration Infection Non-albicans Candida + >48
8 Pneumonia + Severe Alveoler hemorrhage Alveoler hemorrhage CMV + 8–24
9 Respiratory failure - Moderate Aspiration Infection CMV, Aspergillus spp., C. albicans + >48
10 Pneumonia - Moderate Malignancy Infection K. pneumoniae, CMV -  
11 Pneumonia - Mild Malignancy Infection C. albicans + 8–24
12 Pneumonia + Moderate Opportunistic infections Infection CMV, PcP + <8
13 Pneumonia - Severe Opportunistic infections Infection CMV, C. albicans -  
14 Pneumonia - Severe Aspiration Infection C. albicans + 8–24
15 Alveoler hemorrhage + Moderate Alveolar hemorrhage Infection C. albicans -  
16 Respiratory failure + Moderate Opportunistic infections Infection CMV, PcP + <8
17 Pneumonia + Moderate Opportunistic infections Alveoler hemorrhage   -  
18 Respiratory failure + Mild Opportunistic infections Infection C. albicans + 24–48
19 Pneumonia + Moderate Opportunistic infections Malignancy Infection P. aeruginosa + 8–24
20 Respiratory failure + Severe Opportunistic infections Infection C. albicans, Respiratory viruses -  
21 Pneumonia - Moderate Aspiration -   + 8–24
22 Alveoler hemorrhage + Severe Alveoler hemorrhage Alveoler hemorrhage   -  
23 Pneumonia + Severe Multiple etiologiesa Infection Acremonium, CMV + <8
24 Pneumonia + Moderate Multiple etiologiesb Infection C. albicans, Respiratory viruses, CMV + >48
25 Pneumonia + Severe Multiple etiologiesc Infection Acremonium, Aspergillus spp., Respiratory viruses, CMV + >48
26 Pneumonia + Moderate Opportunistic infections Infection C. albicans + 8–24
27 Pneumonia + Severe Multiple etiologiesd Malignancy   + >48
28 Pneumonia + Moderate Opportunistic infections Infection M. tuberculosis + >48
  1. Abbrevations: CMV cytomegalovirus, PcP Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia
  2. aOpportunistc infections, exacerbation of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
  3. bMalignancy, alveoler hemorrhage, opportunistic infections, drug induced pulmonary toxicity
  4. cPulmonary involvement of rheumatoid arthritis, opportunistic infections, drug induced pulmonary toxicity
  5. dOpportunistc infections, malignancy