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Table 2 Primary and secondary outcomes and related measures

From: Long-term integrated telerehabilitation of COPD Patients: a multicentre randomised controlled trial (iTrain)

Outcome Measure
Primary outcome
 • Combined number of hospitalisations and ED presentations • Incidence Density
Secondary outcomes
 • Hospitalisations
 • ED presentations
 • Mortality
 • Time free from first event
 • Health status
 • Quality of life
 • Anxiety and depression
 • Self-efficacy
 • Subjective impression of overall change
 • Physical performance
 • Level of physical activity
• Incidence Density
• Incidence Density
• Mortality rate
• Days to first hospitalisation or ED presentation
• COPD Assessment Test
• EQ-5D
• Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HAD)
• Generalised Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES)
• Patient global impression of change scale (PGIC)
• 6-min walking distance (6MWD)
• Daily number of steps, minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity and sedentary time during 1-week
 • Cost-effectiveness
 • Experiences in telerehabilitation
• Cost-utility analysis (cost-per-QALY)
• Qualitative interviews with semi-structured questions