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Table 4 Impaired lung function prevalence (and 95% confidence intervals) across tertiles (T1-T3) of major dietary patterns

From: Dietary patterns are associated with lung function among Spanish smokers without respiratory disease

  Terti1e 1 Terti1e 2 Terti1e 3 p-value
  % 95% CI % 95% CI % 95% CI
All (n = 207)
 Alcohol-consumption pattern 10.1 5.0–19.5 26.0 17.2–37.5 31.8 22.1–43.6 0.007
 Westernised pattern 26.0 17.2–37.5 18.8 11.4–29.6 23.2 14.8–34.4 0.593
 Mediterranean-like pattern 27.5 18.4–39.0 23.2 14.8–34.4 17.4 10.2–28.0 0.361
Women (n = 116)
 Alcohol-consumption pattern 6.1 2.1–16.5 17.5 8.7–31.9 33.3 18.6–52.2 0.009
 Westernised pattern 11.1 4.8–23.5 15.8 7.4–30.4 24.2 12.8–41.0 0.300
 Mediterranean-like pattern 22.0 12.0–26.7 16.2 7.7–31.1 10.5 4.2–24.1 0. 391
Men (n = 91)
 Alcohol-consumption pattern 20.0 8.1–41.6 37.9 22.7–56.0 31.0 19.1–46.0 0. 409
 Westernised pattern 54.1 35.1–72.1 22.6 11.4–39.8 22.2 11.7–38.1 0.015
 Mediterranean-like pattern 35.7 20.7–54.2 31.2 18.0–48.6 25.8 13.7–43.2 0. 711
  1. p-values are obtained by chi-squared test, and compared tertile 1 (lowest), tertile 2 (medium) and tertile 3 (highest)