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Table 1 Demographic characteristics, clinical, laboratory and bronchoscopy findings

From: A new clinical algorithm scoring for management of suspected foreign body aspiration in children

Characteristics N Frequency (%)
Gender
 Male
 Female
300 163 (54.3)
137 (45.7)
Nationality
 Qatari
 Non-Qatari
300 139 (46.3)
161 (53.7)
Age (years)
 < 1 year
 1 to <2 year
 2 to < 3 year
 3 to < 4 year
 4 to <7 year
 7–14 year
300 70 (23.3)
122 (40.7)
37 (12.3)
26 (8.7)
27 (9)
18 (6)
Bronchoscopy Episode
 One
 Two
 Three
 Four
 Five
410 300 (73.2)
88 (21.5)
17 (4.1)
4 (1)
1 (0.2)
Method of Bronchoscopy
 Flexible
 Rigid
410 318 (77.6)
92 (22.4)
History of Foreign Bodya
 Definite
 Suspected
285 190 (66.7)
95 (33.3)
Foreign Body Aspiration
 Foreign Body Present
 No Foreign Body
300 91 (30.3)
209 (69.7)
Type of Foreign Body
 Organic
 Non-organic
 Type of FB not specified
91 57 (62.6)
8 (8.8)
26 (28.6)
Organic Foreign Body
 Nuts
 Seed
 Bone
 Others (not specified)
57 28
13
3
13
Inorganic Foreign Body
 Inorganic sharp object
 Inorganic blunt object
 Others (not specified)
8 5
2
1
Location and site of FB
 Right airways
 Left airways
 Trachea
 Others
91 43 (47.3)
32 (35.2)
6 (6.6)
10 (10.9)
Route of Bronchoscopy
 Nasally
 Orally
 Through ETT
410 306 (74.6)
93 (22.7)
11 (2.7)
Broncho-alvelolar lavage
 Yes
 No
300 56 (18.7)
244 (81.3)
Bronchoalveolar culture findings
 Negative
 Positive
56 36 (64.3)
20 (35.7)
Complications during procedure
 Transient hypoxia
 Laryngospasm
 Bronchospasm
 Nose bleed
 Bradycardia
 Intubation
 Others
16 8 (2)
1 (0.2)
1 (0.2)
1 (0.2)
3 (0.7)
1 (0.2)
1 (0.2)
Complications after procedure
 Excessive cough
 Pneumonia
 Stridor
 Tachypnea
 Tension Pneumothorax
 Others
8 3 (0.7)
1 (0.2)
1 (0.2)
1 (0.2)
1 (0.2)
1 (0.2)
  1. FBA Foreign body aspiration
  2. aIn 15 cases no documentation was present in their medical records regarding the history of FB