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Table 3 The median delay (days) in diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis in Sub-Saharan Africa, 2007 to 2015 (n = 19)

From: Delay in diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis in low-and middle-income settings: systematic review and meta-analysis

First Author Country Publication Year Design Setting Sample Size Patient Delay Health System Delay Total Delay Ref. No
Cambanis Cameroon 2007 CS Hospital 243 15 * * [51]
Mfinanga Tanzania 2008 CS Hospital, HC& dispensaries 639 14 (Ẋ =37.4) * * [59]
Gosoniu Malawi 2008 CS Health centers, clinics 100 * * 33.5 [19]
Mesfin Ethiopia 2009 CS Hospital & HC 924 30 * * [29]
Ngadaya Tanzania 2009 CS Hospital, HC,TB dispensary 206 62 * 90 (Ẋ =125.5) [61]
Biya Nigeria 2010 CS Hospital 160 30 * * [49]
Sendagire Uganda 2010 CS Public health facility 253 28 28 56 [64]
Hussen Ethiopia 2012 CS Hospital & HC 129 63 34 97 [35]
Ngangro Chad 2012 CS Hospital 286 15 36 57.5 [62]
Ukwaja Nigeria 2013 CS Hospital 450 56 21 77 [24]
Kansiime Uganda 2013 CS Referral hospital 266 * 9 * [54]
Saifodine Mozambique 2013 CS Hospital and HC 622 61 62 150 [37]
Mohamed Sudan 2013 CS TB management unit 292 4 (Ẋ = 27.2) * * [36]
Makwakwa Malawi 2014 CS Hospital 588 14 59 80 [58]
Gebeyehu Ethiopia 2014 CS Hospital &HC 153 28 * * [34]
Asefa Ethiopia 2014 CS Health center 328 30 7 37 [27]
Buregyeya Uganda 2014 CS Hospital and HC 158 30 77 112 [50]
Yimer Ethiopia 2015 CS Hospital &HC 231 21 * * [66]
Takarinda Zimbabwe 2015 CS Hospitals, clinics, PHF 383 28 2 30 [32]
  1. Key: * indicates data not available