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Table 4 The median delay (days) in diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis in low and middle income countries other than Sub-Saharan Africa, 2007 to 2015 (n = 22)

From: Delay in diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis in low-and middle-income settings: systematic review and meta-analysis

First Author Country Publication Year Design Setting Sample size Patient Delay Health System Delay Total Delay Ref. No
Huong Vietnam 2007 CS TB units 2087 21 7 30 [30]
Maamari Syria 2008 CS TB centers 800 31 (Ẋ = 52.7) 11.7 (Ẋ = 24.8) 55 (Ẋ = 77.6) [25]
Gosoniu Bangladesh 2008 CS Clinics, HC 102 * * 60 [19]
Gosoniu India 2008 CS Health centers, Clinics 127 * * 74 [19]
Basnet Nepal 2009 CS Hospital &HC 307 50 18 60 [47]
Ford Peru 2009 CS Hospital & Health post 108 61 * * [21]
Maciel Brazil 2010 CS Primary PHF 304 76 30 110 [56]
Aye Tajikistan 2010 RC Hospital, HC, clinics 204 21.5 16 53 [46]
Pradhan India 2010 CS DOTs centers 266 6 (Ẋ = 30) 31 (Ẋ = 61) 37 (Ẋ = 91) [43]
Sabawoon Afghanistan 2011 CS Hospital & clinic 122 199 (Ẋ = 205.2) 128.5 (Ẋ = 150) 366.5 (Ẋ = 356) [31]
Li China 2012 CS TB clinics 323 10 (Ẋ =31) * * [55]
Nasehi Iran 2012 CS Hospital, clinics 5702 * * 59 [60]
Tamhane India 2012 CS Health center 150 15 31 * [23]
Behera India 2013 CS Tertiary hospital 204 16 (Ẋ =32.97) 39 (Ẋ = 60.46) 43 (Ẋ = 75.7) [48]
Rabin Georgia 2013 CS TB diagnostic centers 247 23.5 (Ẋ = 56.2) 14(Ẋ = 33.7) 59.5 (Ẋ = 89) [63]
Deponti Brazil 2013 CS Tertiary hospital 153 30 18 60 [52]
Jurcev-Savicevic Croatia 2013 CS Hospital 241 * 15 * [53]
Woith Russia 2014 CS TB clinics 105 30 * * [65]
Ekinci Turkey 2014 CS Referral hospital 136 12 (Ẋ = 30.5) 29 (Ẋ = 48.7) 54 (Ẋ = 82.2) [22]
Alavi Iran 2015 CS Health Center 139 * * 48 (Ẋ = 73) [45]
Belkina Uzbekistan 2014 CS Hospitall 538 27 7 50 [44]
Maior Brazil 2012 CS TB clinic 199 56 14 70 [57]
  1. Key: * Value not obtainable
  2. Ẋ: Mean value
  3. CS: Cross-sectional
  4. HC: Health center
  5. PHF: Public health facility
  6. RC: Retrospective cohort