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Table 1 Socio-demographic factors associated with ARI in children under 5 years

From: Risk factors for acute respiratory infections in children under five years attending the Bamenda Regional Hospital in Cameroon

Factor Total ARI Odds ratios 95% CI P-value
Age(months)
 2–12 225 117(52.00%) 1   
 13–59 287 163(56.79%) 1.21 0.85–1.72 0.28
Gender
 Female 218 113(51.83%) 1   
 Male 294 167(56.80%) 1.21 0.85–1.72 0.29
Birth weight
 Normal 463 251(54.21%) 1   
 Low birth weight < 2.5 kg 19 12(63.16%) 1.45 0.56–3.74 0.45
 Overweight ≥4 kg 30 17(58.62%) 1.19 0.55–2.53 0.66
Mothers age (years)
 Age > 20 407 212(52%) 1   
 Age ≤ 20 20 11(55%) 1.12 0.45–2.7 0.80
Fathers age(years)
 Age > 30 303 153(50.50%) 1   
 Age ≤ 30 108 61(56.48%) 1.27 0.82–1.98 0.28
Mother’s level of education
 Secondary + tertiary 316 144(45.57%) 1   
 None + primary 183 131(71.58%) 3.13 2.11–4.64 < 0.001
Father’s level of education
 Secondary + tertiary 330 173(52.42%) 1   
 None + primary 159 97(61.01%) 1.42 0.97–2.09 0.07