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Table 3 Environmental and social factors associated with ARI

From: Risk factors for acute respiratory infections in children under five years attending the Bamenda Regional Hospital in Cameroon

Factor Total ARI Odds ratios 95% CI P-value
Exposure to wood smoke
 Not exposed 203 82(40.39%) 1   
 Exposed 309 198(64.08%) 2.63 1.83–3.79 < 0.001
Cigarette smoke
 Non passive smoker 474 249(52.53%) 1   
 Passive smoker 37 31(83.78%) 4.67 1.91–11.40 < 0.001
History of contacta
 No contact 313 134(42.81%) 1   
 Had contact 199 147(73.87%) 3.78 2.56–5.56 < 0.001
School attendance
 Do not go to school 391 210(53.71) 1   
 Go to school 121 70(57.85%) 1.18 0.78–1.79 0.42
Overcrowding
 Not overcrowded 303 167(55.12%) 1   
 Overcrowded 209 114(54.55%) 0.97 0.69–1.39 0.90
  1. acontact with someone who has a cough