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Table 4 Multivariate logistic regression analysis of potential risk factors for ARI

From: Risk factors for acute respiratory infections in children under five years attending the Bamenda Regional Hospital in Cameroon

Factor Adjusted Odds ratios 95% CI P-value
Nutritional status
 Normal 1   
 Malnourished 1.91 0.97–3.76 0.06
History of contact
 No 1   
 Yes 3.37 2.21–5.14 < 0.01
Exposure to wood smoke
 Not exposed 1   
 Exposed 1.85 1.22–2.78 < 0.01
HIV status
 Negative 1   
 Positive 2.76 1.05–7.25 0.04
Mother’s level of education
 Secondary + tertiary 1   
 Primary + none 2.80 1.85–4.25 < 0.01
Passive smoking
 No 1   
 Yes 3.58 1.45–8.84 < 0.01