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Table 3 Characteristics and examination results of COPD patients in acute exacerbation stage

From: Aspergillus fumigatus during COPD exacerbation: a pair-matched retrospective study

  Aspergillus colonization, n = 23 Control,
n = 69
p value
Symptom and sign
 cough 20 (87.0%) 61 (88.4%) 1.000
 dyspnea 14 (60.9%) 53 (76.8%) 0.177
 wheezing 12 (52.2%) 11 (15.9%) 0.001
 fever 12 (52.2%) 28 (40.6%) 0.344
 moist rale 13 (56.5%) 27 (39.1%) 0.156
 wheezing rale 15 (65.2%) 26 (38.2%) 0.031
Blood routine
 WBC count (× 109/L) 6.45 ± 2.23 7.25 ± 3.57 0.319
 NEUT count (×109/L) 4.73 ± 2.07 4.94 ± 3.28 0.771
 NEUT% (%) 71.2 ± 13.2 65.7 ± 13.0 0.092
 EOS% < 0.5% 30.4% 23.2% 0.487
 EOS% > 5% 4.3% 23.2% 0.044
Arterial blood gas
 Pa/Fi 317 ± 42 324 ± 59 0.625
 pH 7.41 ± 0.03 7.38 ± 0.72 0.063
 PaCO2 (mmHg) 40.3 ± 6.3 44.5 ± 10.6 0.088
 PaO2 (mmHg) 70.5 ± 10.9 76.8 ± 15.5 0.102
Biomarker
 CRP (mg/dl) 3.23 ± 3.51 2.53 ± 3.12 0.412
 ESR (mm/h) 25.3 ± 28.2 20.0 ± 20.3 0.436
 Total IgE (IU/ml) 441 ± 1075 282 ± 362 0.386
  1. Italicized p-values are statistically significant, ie. p < 0.05