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Table 2 Patient characteristics and time delays to treatment southwest Ethiopia January to December 2015

From: Delays to treatment initiation is associated with tuberculosis treatment outcomes among patients on directly observed treatment short course in Southwest Ethiopia: a follow-up study

Variable Total delay(days)   Total
> 30 (Exposed) N = 574 <=30(non exposed) N = 161   
n(%) n(%) P value n(%)
Type of TB Pulmonary positive 277(48.3) 96(59.6) 0.02 373(50.7)
Pulmonary negative 167(29.1) 46(28.6) 213(29.0)
Extra pulmonary 130(22.6) 19(11.8) 149(20.3)
HIV status Positive 57(9.9) 11(6.8) 0.4 68(9.3)
Negative 517(90.1) 150(93.2) 667(90.7)
Mode of TB diagnosis Bacteriological 277(48.3) 96(59.6) 0.04 373(50.6)
Clinical 297(51.7) 65(40.4) 363(49.4)
Treatment center Hospital 206(35.9) 60(37.3) 0.02 266(36.2)
Health center 368(64.1) 101(62.7) 469(63.8)
Action before HCFa visit None 440(76.7) 146(90.7) 0.04 586(79.7)
Took actionsb 134(23.3) 15(9.3) 149(20.3)
Place TB diagnosis made Public 493(85.9) 143(88.8) 0.09 636(86.5)
Private 81(14.1) 18(11.2) 99(13.5)
Hospitalized for TB illness Yes 15(2.6) 4(2.5) 0.5 19(2.6)
Knowledge about TB Poor 159(27.7) 31(19.3) 0.8 190(25.8)
Good 415(72.3) 130(80.7) 545(74.2)
Patient delay Median(IQR)days 30(16–57) 14(10–17) < 0.001 25(15–36)
Provider delay Median (IQR)days 31(16–64) 7(3–10) < 0.001 22(9–48)
Pre-diagnosis cost Median(IQR) US$c 119.1(74.0–221.6) 48.2(36.3–66.8) < 0.001  
Post-diagnosis cost Median(IQR) US$c 93.7(56.9–141.3) 78.8(41.5–113.7) < 0.001  
Treatment information adequate Yes 279(48.6) 78(48.4) 0.04 357(48.6)
No 295(51.4) 83(51.6) 378(51.4)
Initial weight Mean(±SD) Kg 49.0(8.6) 47.7(8.5) 0.9 48.7(± 8.6)
  1. aHealthcare Facility, bself treatment, traditional healer, holy water, c(1US$ = 20.56Birr)