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Table 3 Follow-up characteristics and outcomes across delays to treatment southwest Ethiopia January 2015 to june 2016

From: Delays to treatment initiation is associated with tuberculosis treatment outcomes among patients on directly observed treatment short course in Southwest Ethiopia: a follow-up study

Variable Total delay(days)   
> 30(exposed) N = 574 <=30 (non exposed) N = 161   Total
n(%) n(%) P value n(%)
Sputum smear end of 2ndmonth(n = 373) Positive 3(1.1) 3(3.0) 0.5 6(1.6)
Negative 158(57.9) 67(67.0) 225(60.3)
Not available 112(41.0) 30(30.0) 142(38.1)
Sputum smear end of 5th month(n = 373) Positive 4(1.5) 1(1.0) 0.4 5(1.3)
Negative 137(50.1) 58(58.0) 195(52.3)
Not available 132(48.4) 41(41.0) 173(46.4)
Sputum smear end of 6th month(n = 373) Negative 127(46.5) 51(51.0) 0.3 178(47.7)
Not available 146(53.5) 49(49) 195(52.3)
Sputum check up after diagnosis(n = 373) None 112 (41.0) 30(30.0) 0.3 142(38.1)
At least once 161(59.0) 70(70.0) 231(61.9)
Weight end of 2ndmonth Mean(SD) 51.2(8.6) 50.2(8.6) 0.9 51.3(8.6)
Weight change end of 2nd month Unchanged/lost 93(16.2) 30(18.6) 0.2 123(16.7)
Gained 298(52.0) 80(49.7) 378(51.5)
Unknown 183(31.8) 51(31.7) 234(31.8)
Weight end of 5thmonth Mean(SD) 54.2(8.7) 51.8(9.5) 0.5 53.6(8.9)
Weight end of 6th month Mean(SD) 54.2(10.3) 52.9(9.0) 0.1 53.9(9.9)
Treatment out come Cured 126(21.9) 51(31.7) 0.04 177(24.2)
Treatment complete 354(61.5) 96(59.6) 450(61.1)
Loss to follow-up 33(5.7) 5(3.1) 38(5.2)
Died 26(4.5) 3(1.9) 29(3.9)
Treatment failure 4(0.7) 1(0.6) 5(0.7)
Not evaluateda 31(5.4) 5(3.1) 36(4.9)
Treatment success (n = 699) Unsuccessful 63(11.6) 9(5.8) 0.01 72(10.3)
Successful 480(88.4) 147(94.2) 627(89.7)
  1. acases transferred out to other treatment centers