Skip to main content

Table 1 Demographic, clinical and laboratory data of patients with uncomplicated bronchiolitis and those with concomitant bacterial pneumonia

From: Lung ultrasound for the diagnosis of pneumonia in children with acute bronchiolitis

  Uncomplicated bronchiolitis
(n = 62)
Bronchiolitis with concomitant bacterial pneumonia
(n = 25)
p value
Months of age - mean (SD) 5.77 (5.49) 5.72(4.62) 0.965
Females n° (%) 29 (47) 15 (60) 0.264
Temperature °C, mean (SD) 37.9 (0.9) 38.2 (1.0) 0.107
Oxygen saturation %, mean (SD) 94.8 (3.5) 91.5 (4.4) 0.001
WBC count mmc, mean (SD) 12,278 (4815) 13,880 (5075) 0.170
Neutrophil count %, mean (SD) 43.7 (16.6) 49.3 (17.7) 0.169
Lymphocytes count %, mean (SD) 44.3 (15.9) 37.9 (13.5) 0.083
CRP mg/dl – mean (SD) 1.60 (2.44) 3.60 (3.89) 0.023
Bronchiolitis severity a, n° (%) 0.029
 Mild 13 (21) 0
 Moderate 29 (47) 12 (48)
 Severe 20 (32) 13 (52)
Oxygen supplementation, n° (%) 26 (42) 21 (84) < 0.0001
Hours of oxygen supplementation, mean (SD) 33.0 (42.5) 94.9 (71.4) < 0.0001
Days of hospital stay, mean (SD) 4.8 (2.6) 7.1 (3.9) 0.002
  1. WBC White Blood Cell, CRP C-Reactive Protein, SD Standard Deviation
  2. aaccording to the Italian inter-society consensus document on bronchiolitis [50]
\