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Table 2 Comparison of groups with and without hemoptysis

From: Hemoptysis requiring bronchial artery embolization in patients with nontuberculous mycobacterial lung disease

  Univariate Multivariate
Without hemoptysis (n = 105) With hemoptysis (n = 78) P-value OR (95% CI)
Male sex 47 (44.8) 27 (34.6) 0.167 1.211 (0.632–2.321)
Age, years, at diagnosis 65.7 ± 12.8 59.7 ± 11.8 0.002 0.969 (0.943–0.996)
BMI, kg/m2 20.0 ± 3.3 20.2 ± 2.7 0.758  
Diabetes mellitus 19 (18.1) 6 (7.7) 0.043 0.508 (0.179–1.441)
Hypertension 32 (30.5) 15 (19.2) 0.085 0.870 (0.398–1.903)
Follow-up duration, months 48.3 ± 36.1 49.2 ± 37.9 0.864  
Performed bronchoscopy 45 (42.9) 52 (66.7) 0.002  
Type of chest CT
 Nodular bronchiectatic 89 (84.8) 66 (84.6) 0.978  
 Fibrocavitary 16 (15.2) 12 (15.4)  
Distribution of chest CT
 ≤ 3 lobes 67 (64.4) 58 (74.4) 0.129  
 >  3 lobes 38 (36.2) 20 (25.6)  
Antiplatelet/anticoagulation therapy 11(10.5) 10 (12.8) 0.646  
Liver disease 7 (6.7) 9 (11.5) 0.080 1.117 (0.668–1.869)
History of pulmonary tuberculosis 34 (32.4) 31 (39.7) 0.303 1.366 (0.726–2.572)
Charlson Comorbidity Index score 1.5 ± 1.8 1.3 ± 1.6 0.315  
NTM species identified
M. avium 31 (29.5) 28 (35.9) 0.181  
M. intracellulare 44 (41.9) 20 (25.6)  
M. abscessus 20 (19.0) 20 (25.6)
M. kansasii 4 (3.8) 2 (2.6)
M. fortuitum 1 (1.0) 1(1.3)
M. heckeshornense 0 1(1.3)
M. szulgai 0 1(1.3)
M. avium + M. intracellulare 0 2(2.6)
M. avium + M. abscessus 3 (2.9) 1 (1.3)
M. intracellulare + M. abscessus 1 (1) 2 (2.6)
M. abscessus + M. tuberculosis 1(1) 0
  1. Results are presented as n (%) or mean ± standard deviation, unless otherwise indicated
  2. BMI body mass index, OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval, CT computed tomography, NTM nontuberculous mycobacteria, M. Mycobacterium