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Table 2 Characteristics of the left ventricular failure and healthy subjects groups

From: Vitamin D deficiency among patients with pulmonary hypertension

 PH (n = 53)LVF (n = 42)HS (n = 31)
Age (years)40.8 ± 16.558.6 ± 10 *40.5 ± 17
Females (%)73.628.9 *74.2
BMI (kg/m2)26.2 ± 530.9 ± 6 *25.2 ± 4
FC (%)I–II71.286.7
III–IV28.813.3
VitD (mg/dL)19.25 ± 10.1 *25.68 ± 1228.8 ± 12
Ht (%)43.9 ± 8.940.9 ± 7.540.6 ± 5.3
Urea (mg/mL)34.49 ± 12.145.63 ± 16.333.6 ± 9.2 **
Creatinine (mg/%)0.96 ± 0.91.04 ± 0.60.75 ± 0.3
Sodium (mEq/Lt)140.4 ± 2.6137.7 ± 6.2140 ± 2.9
Total bilirubin (mg/dL)1.14 ± 10.76 ± 0.80.57 ± 0.2 #
LVEF (%)61.9 ± 734.3 ± 10 *65.4 ± 8
LVDD (mm)43.5 ± 665.6 ± 10 *48.3 ± 23
LA (mm)35.6 ± 846.84 ± 15 *39.7 ± 7
SPAP (mmHg)81.55 ± 3 *43.91 ± 2331.84 ± 15 **
  1. *p < 0.05 vs. rest of groups; **p < 0.05 vs LVF; #p < 0.05 vs PH