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Table 2 Baseline characteristics according to early or late do not resuscitate order

From: Do-not-resuscitate orders in patients with community-acquired pneumonia: a retrospective study

  Early DNR order
n = 107
Late DNR order
n = 70
p-value
Age, median (IQR) 85 (76–89) 79 (72–85) 0.001
Sex, male 46% (49) 51% (36) 0.46
Nursing home 53% (56) 23% (16) < 0.001
Comorbidities
 COPD 22% (23) 27% (19) 0.43
 Oher chronic pulmonary disease 6% (6) 7% (5) 0.68
 Malignancy 11% (12) 9% (6) 0.57
 Chronic heart disease 38% (41) 23% (16) 0.03
 Chronic neurological disease 33% (35) 23% (16) 0.16
 Diabetes 7% (8) 13% (9) 0.24
 Chronic liver disease 0 4% (3) 0.03
 Chronic kidney disease 3% (3) 1% (1) 0.55
Number of comorbidities
 None 25% (26) 31% (22) 0.99
 One 40% (42) 41% (29) 1.00
 More than one 35% (37) 27% (19) 0.78
Severity
 CURB-65 0–1 11% (9) 22% (13) 0.46
 CURB-65 2 31% (26) 40% (23) 0.78
 CURB-65 3–5 59% (50) 38% (22) 0.04
 ICU 20% (22) 36% (25) 0.03
 Intubation 4% (4) 26% (17) < 0.001
Antibiotic treatmenta
 Monotherapy penicillinb 31% (33) 30% (21) 0.91
 Monotherapy other betalactam 33% (35) 40% (28) 0.32
 Combination therapy 26% (28) 21% (15) 0.47
 Other 10% (11) 9% (6) 0.71
Mortality
 30-day 57% (61) 69% (48) 0.12
 90-day 72% (77) 80% (56) 0.23
 180-day 77% (82) 87% (61) 0.08
  1. aEmpiric therapy. b benzylpenicillin or phenoxymethyl penicillin
  2. COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, ICU intensive care unit, IQR interquartile range