Skip to main content

Table 5 Hospitalisation data by country collated from our systematic literature review. The BREATHE study [18, 42] and Foo et al [59] documented the incidence of hospitalisations per patient, whereas other studies [45, 63] do not clarify whether the figures reflect total number of hospitalisations annually (a patient can have multiple exacerbations a year requiring admission, dependent on their stage of disease), or per patient. A conservative estimate of 10.5%, based on the BREATHE study’s figure for Algeria was used to calculate average hospitalisation rates for all countries

From: The global impact of Aspergillus infection on COPD

  Country Study Study size COPD annual hospitalisation rate
Africa Northern Africa
Algeria BREATHE study, 2012 [18, 42] 3,675 10.50%
Egypt BREATHE study, 2012 [18, 42] 9,804 20.30%
Morocco BREATHE study, 2012 [18, 42] 3,983 13.00%
Tunisia BREATHE study, 2012 [18, 42] 1,952 11.30%
Americas Latin American and the Caribbean
Brazil Foo et al, 2016 [59] 300 20.00%
Colombia Alvarez-Moreno et al, 2018 [60] Population 13.99%
Mexico Foo et al, 2016 [59] 328 14.00%
Trinidad and Tobago Gugnani and Denning, 2015 [61] Population 13.00%
Northern America
United States of America Foo et al, 2016 [59] 1,001 12.00%
Asia Eastern Asia
China Zhu et al, 2018 [45] 155,777 20.87%
Japan Foo et al, 2016 [59] 300 3.00%
Korea (Republic of) Foo et al, 2016 [59] 300 5.00%
South-Eastern Asia
Thailand Chayakulkeeree et al, 2017 [62] 731,450 7.00%
Southern Asia
Pakistan BREATHE study, 2012 [18, 42] 3,654 13.00%
Western Asia
Jordan BREATHE study, 2012 [18, 42] 3,596 20.70%
Lebanon BREATHE study, 2012 [18, 42] 3,417 28.80%
Saudi Arabia BREATHE study, 2012 [18, 42] 9,675 22.20%
Syrian Arab Republic BREATHE study, 2012 [18, 42] 3,402 21.90%
Turkey BREATHE study, 2012 [18, 42] 14,911 19.30%
United Arab Emirates BREATHE study, 2012 [18, 42] 3,482 40.70%
Europe Eastern Europe
Romania Mares et al, 2018 [63] Population 22.07%
Russian Federation Foo et al, 2016 [59] 301 14.00%
Northern Europe
United Kingdom and N. Ireland Foo et al, 2016 [59] 305 15.00%
Southern Europe
Greece Gamaletsou et al, 2016 [64] Population 7.70%
Italy Foo et al, 2016 [59] 302 6.00%
Spain Foo et al, 2016 [59] 303 16.00%
Western Europe
France Foo et al, 2016 [59] 300 8.00%
Germany Foo et al, 2016 [59] 300 9.00%
Netherlands Foo et al, 2016 [59] 303 7.00%