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Table 1 List of the 100 top-cited articles on bronchoscopy

From: The top 100 most cited articles on bronchoscopy: a bibliometric analysis

Rank Article Title Citations overall citation rate
1 Pugin, J., et al., Diagnosis of ventilator-associated pneumonia by bacteriologic analysis of bronchoscopic and nonbronchoscopic “blind” bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. The American review of respiratory disease, 1991. 143(5 Pt 1): p. 1121–9. doi:https://doi.org/10.1164/ajrccm/143.5_Pt_1.1121 731 25.2
2 Luna, C.M., et al., Impact of BAL data on the therapy and outcome of ventilator-associated pneumonia. Chest, 1997. 111(3): p. 676–85. doi:https://doi.org/10.1378/chest.111.3.676 662 28.8
3 Trouillet, J.L., et al., Ventilator-associated pneumonia caused by potentially drug-resistant bacteria. American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine, 1998. 157(2): p. 531–9. doi:https://doi.org/10.1164/ajrccm.157.2.9705064 615 28.0
4 Wenzel, S.E., et al., Bronchoscopic evaluation of severe asthma. Persistent inflammation associated with high dose glucocorticoids. American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine, 1997. 156(3 Pt 1): p. 737–43. doi:https://doi.org/10.1164/ajrccm.156.3.9610046 604 26.3
5 Fagon, J.Y., et al., Invasive and noninvasive strategies for management of suspected ventilator-associated pneumonia - A randomized trial. Annals of Internal Medicine, 2000. 132(8): p. 621 − +. doi:https://doi.org/10.7326/0003-4819-132-8-200,004,180-00004 530 26.5
6 Yasufuku, K., et al., Real-time endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration of mediastinal and hilar lymph nodes. Chest, 2004. 126(1): p. 122–128. doi:https://doi.org/10.1378/chest.126.1.122 479 29.9
7 Sciurba, F.C., et al., A Randomized Study of Endobronchial Valves for Advanced Emphysema. New England Journal of Medicine, 2010. 363(13): p. 1233–1244. doi:https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa0900928 478 47.8
8 Charlson, E.S., et al., Topographical Continuity of Bacterial Populations in the Healthy Human Respiratory Tract. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 2011. 184(8): p. 957–963. doi:https://doi.org/10.1164/rccm.201104-0655OC 475 52.8
9 Erb-Downward, J.R., et al., Analysis of the Lung Microbiome in the “Healthy” Smoker and in COPD. Plos One, 2011. 6(2). doi:https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0016384 451 50.1
10 Lam, S., et al., Localization of bronchial intraepithelial neoplastic lesions by fluorescence bronchoscopy. Chest, 1998. 113(3): p. 696–702. doi:https://doi.org/10.1378/chest.113.3.696 433 19.7
11 Howarth, P.H., et al., Tumour necrosis factor (TNF alpha) as a novel therapeutic target in symptomatic corticosteroid dependent asthma. Thorax, 2005. 60(12): p. 1012–1018. doi:https://doi.org/10.1136/thx.2005.045260 415 27.7
12 Kraft, M., et al., Alveolar tissue inflammation in asthma. American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine, 1996. 154(5): p. 1505–10. doi:https://doi.org/10.1164/ajrccm.154.5.8912772 415 17.3
13 Castro, M., et al., Effectiveness and Safety of Bronchial Thermoplasty in the Treatment of Severe Asthma A Multicenter, Randomized, Double-Blind, Sham-Controlled Clinical Trial. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 2010. 181(2): p. 116–124. doi:https://doi.org/10.1164/rccm.200903-0354OC 412 41.2
14 Spira, A., et al., Effects of cigarette smoke on the human airway epithelial cell transcriptome. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2004. 101(27): p. 10143–10,148. doi:https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0401422101 412 25.8
15 Saetta, M., et al., Airway eosinophilia in chronic bronchitis during exacerbations. American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine, 1994. 150(6 Pt 1): p. 1646–52. doi:https://doi.org/10.1164/ajrccm.150.6.7952628 396 15.2
16 Cox, G., et al., Asthma control during the year after bronchial thermoplasty. New England Journal of Medicine, 2007. 356(13): p. 1327–1337. doi:https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa064707 383 29.5
17 Phillips, M., et al., Detection of lung cancer with volatile markers in the breath. Chest, 2003. 123(6): p. 2115–2123. doi:https://doi.org/10.1378/chest.123.6.2115 382 22.5
18 Spira, A., et al., Airway epithelial gene expression in the diagnostic evaluation of smokers with suspect lung cancer. Nature Medicine, 2007. 13(3): p. 361–366. doi:https://doi.org/10.1038/nm1556 358 27.5
19 Rello, J., et al., The value of routine microbial investigation in ventilator-associated pneumonia. American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine, 1997. 156(1): p. 196–200. doi:https://doi.org/10.1164/ajrccm.156.1.9607030 356 15.5
20 Yasufuku, K., et al., Comparison of endobronchial ultrasound, positron emission tomography, and CT for lymph node staging of lung cancer. Chest, 2006. 130(3): p. 710–718. doi:https://doi.org/10.1378/chest.130.3.710 353 25.2
21 Luna, C.M., et al., Resolution of ventilator-associated pneumonia: Prospective evaluation of the clinical pulmonary infection score as an early clinical predictor of outcome. Critical Care Medicine, 2003. 31(3): p. 676–682. doi:https://doi.org/10.1097/01.ccm.0000055380.86458.1e 351 20.6
22 Yasufuku, K., et al., Endobronchial ultrasound guided transbronchial needle aspiration for staging of lung cancer. Lung Cancer, 2005. 50(3): p. 347–354. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lungcan.2005.07.013 345 23.0
23 Grainge, C.L., et al., Effect of Bronchoconstriction on Airway Remodeling in Asthma. New England Journal of Medicine, 2011. 364(21): p. 2006–2015. doi:https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa1014350 317 35.2
24 Eberhardt, R., et al., Multimodality bronchoscopic diagnosis of peripheral lung lesions - A randomized controlled trial. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 2007. 176(1): p. 36–41. doi:https://doi.org/10.1164/rccm.200612-1866OC 313 24.1
25 Lam, S., et al., Detection of dysplasia and carcinoma in situ with a lung imaging fluorescence endoscope device. The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery, 1993. 105(6): p. 1035–40. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-5223(19)33775-4 313 11.6
26 Ward, C., et al., Airway inflammation, basement membrane thickening and bronchial hyperresponsiveness in asthma. Thorax, 2002. 57(4): p. 309–316. doi:https://doi.org/10.1136/thorax.57.4.309 312 17.3
27 Heyland, D., et al., A randomized trial of diagnostic techniques for ventilator-associated pneumonia. New England Journal of Medicine, 2006. 355(25): p. 2619–2630. doi:https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa052904 309 22.1
28 Li, X. and J.W. Wilson, Increased vascularity of the bronchial mucosa in mild asthma. American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine, 1997. 156(1): p. 229–33. doi:https://doi.org/10.1164/ajrccm.156.1.9607066 309 13.4
29 Yasufuku, K., et al., A prospective controlled trial of endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration compared with mediastinoscopy for mediastinal lymph node staging of lung cancer. Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, 2011. 142(6): p. 1393–1402. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtcvs.2011.08.037 307 34.1
30 Saglani, S., et al., Early detection of airway wall remodeling and eosinophilic inflammation in preschool wheezers. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 2007. 176(9): p. 858–864. doi:https://doi.org/10.1164/rccm.200702-212OC 306 23.5
31 Morris, A., et al., Comparison of the Respiratory Microbiome in Healthy Nonsmokers and Smokers. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 2013. 187(10): p. 1067–1075. doi:https://doi.org/10.1164/rccm.201210-1913OC 303 43.3
32 Baaklini, W.A., et al., Diagnostic yield of fiberoptic bronchoscopy in evaluating solitary pulmonary nodules. Chest, 2000. 117(4): p. 1049–1054. doi:https://doi.org/10.1378/chest.117.4.1049 303 15.2
33 Meersseman, W., et al., Galactomannan in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid - A tool for diagnosing aspergillosis in intensive care unit patients. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 2008. 177(1): p. 27–34. doi:https://doi.org/10.1164/rccm.200704-606OC 301 25.1
34 Herth, F., H.D. Becker, and A. Ernst, Conventional vs endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration - A randomized trial. Chest, 2004. 125(1): p. 322–325. doi:https://doi.org/10.1378/chest.125.1.322 301 18.8
35 Woodruff, P.G., et al., Hyperplasia of smooth muscle in mild to moderate asthma without changes in cell size or gene expression. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 2004. 169(9): p. 1001–1006. doi:https://doi.org/10.1164/rccm.200311-1529OC 299 18.7
36 Wallace, M.B., et al., Minimally invasive endoscopic staging of suspected lung cancer. Jama-Journal of the American Medical Association, 2008. 299(5): p. 540–546. doi:https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.299.5.540 298 24.8
37 Kurimoto, N., et al., Endobronchial ultrasonography using a guide sheath increases the ability to diagnose peripheral pulmonary lesions endoscopically. Chest, 2004. 126(3): p. 959–965. doi:https://doi.org/10.1378/chest.126.3.959 297 18.6
38 Roum, J.H., et al., Systemic deficiency of glutathione in cystic fibrosis. Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md.: 1985), 1993. 75(6): p. 2419–24. doi:https://doi.org/10.1152/jappl.1993.75.6.2419 287 10.6
39 Gildea, T.R., et al., Electromagnetic navigation diagnostic bronchoscopy - A prospective study. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 2006. 174(9): p. 982–989. doi:https://doi.org/10.1164/rccm.200603-344OC 279 19.9
40 Makrygiannakis, D., et al., Smoking increases peptidylarginine deiminase 2 enzyme expression in human lungs and increases citrullination in BAL cells. Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, 2008. 67(10): p. 1488–1492. doi:https://doi.org/10.1136/ard.2007.075192 277 23.1
41 Takizawa, H., et al., Increased expression of transforming growth factor-beta 1 in small airway epithelium from tobacco smokers and patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 2001. 163(6): p. 1476–1483. doi:https://doi.org/10.1164/ajrccm.163.6.9908135 275 14.5
42 Muhlebach, M.S., et al., Quantitation of inflammatory responses to bacteria in young cystic fibrosis and control patients. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 1999. 160(1): p. 186–191. doi:https://doi.org/10.1164/ajrccm.160.1.9808096 271 12.9
43 Rosenfeld, M., et al., Early pulmonary infection, inflammation, and clinical outcomes in infants with cystic fibrosis. Pediatric Pulmonology, 2001. 32(5): p. 356–366. doi:https://doi.org/10.1002/ppul.1144 264 13.9
44 Limper, A.H. and U.B. Prakash, Tracheobronchial foreign bodies in adults. Annals of internal medicine, 1990. 112(8): p. 604–9. doi:https://doi.org/10.7326/0003-4819-112-8-604 262 8.7
45 Pavord, I.D., et al., Safety and efficacy of bronchial thermoplasty in symptomatic, severe asthma. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 2007. 176(12): p. 1185–1191. doi:https://doi.org/10.1164/rccm.200704-571OC 261 20.1
46 Schwartz, M.D., et al., Nuclear factor-kappa B is activated in alveolar macrophages from patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome. Critical care medicine, 1996. 24(8): p. 1285–92. doi:https://doi.org/10.1097/00003246-199,608,000-00004 258 10.8
47 Soler, N., et al., Airway inflammation and bronchial microbial patterns in patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. European Respiratory Journal, 1999. 14(5): p. 1015–1022. doi:https://doi.org/10.1183/09031936.99.14510159 255 12.1
48 Trigg, C.J., et al., Placebo-controlled immunopathologic study of four months of inhaled corticosteroids in asthma. American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine, 1994. 150(1): p. 17–22. doi:https://doi.org/10.1164/ajrccm.150.1.8025745 254 9.8
49 Steinberg, K.P., et al., Evolution of bronchoalveolar cell populations in the adult respiratory distress syndrome. American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine, 1994. 150(1): p. 113–22. doi:https://doi.org/10.1164/ajrccm.150.1.8025736 254 9.8
50 Driver, A.G., et al., Adenosine in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid in asthma. The American review of respiratory disease, 1993. 148(1): p. 91–7. doi:https://doi.org/10.1164/ajrccm/148.1.91 252 9.3
51 Baharloo, F., et al., Tracheobronchial foreign bodies - Presentation and management in children and adults. Chest, 1999. 115(5): p. 1357–1362. doi:https://doi.org/10.1378/chest.115.5.1357 250 11.9
52 Tremblay, A., et al., A Randomized Controlled Trial of Standard vs Endobronchial Ultrasonography-Guided Transbronchial Needle Aspiration in Patients With Suspected Sarcoidosis. Chest, 2009. 136(2): p. 340–346. doi:https://doi.org/10.1378/chest.08-2768 249 22.6
53 Groneberg, D.A., et al., Increased expression of transient receptor potential vanilloid-1 in airway nerves of chronic cough. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 2004. 170(12): p. 1276–1280. doi:https://doi.org/10.1164/rccm.200402-174OC 247 15.4
54 Martin, R.J., et al., Airways inflammation in nocturnal asthma. The American review of respiratory disease, 1991. 143(2): p. 351–7. doi:https://doi.org/10.1164/ajrccm/143.2.351 246 8.5
55 Balough, K., et al., The relationship between infection and inflammation in the early stages of lung disease from cystic fibrosis. Pediatric pulmonology, 1995. 20(2): p. 63–70. doi:https://doi.org/10.1002/ppul.1950200203 243 9.7
56 Marquette, C.H., et al., Diagnostic tests for pneumonia in ventilated patients: prospective evaluation of diagnostic accuracy using histology as a diagnostic gold standard. American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine, 1995. 151(6): p. 1878–88. doi:https://doi.org/10.1164/ajrccm.151.6.7767535 241 9.6
57 Papazian, L., et al., Bronchoscopic or blind sampling techniques for the diagnosis of ventilator-associated pneumonia. American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine, 1995. 152(6 Pt 1): p. 1982–91. doi:https://doi.org/10.1164/ajrccm.152.6.8520766 240 9.6
58 Olivieri, D., et al., Effect of short-term treatment with low-dose inhaled fluticasone propionate on airway inflammation and remodeling in mild asthma: a placebo-controlled study. American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine, 1997. 155(6): p. 1864–71. doi:https://doi.org/10.1164/ajrccm.155.6.9196087 239 10.4
59 Chastre, J., et al., Evaluation of bronchoscopic techniques for the diagnosis of nosocomial pneumonia. American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine, 1995. 152(1): p. 231–40. doi:https://doi.org/10.1164/ajrccm.152.1.7599829 239 9.6
60 Rutgers, S.R., et al., Ongoing airway inflammation in patients with COPD who do not currently smoke. Thorax, 2000. 55(1): p. 12–18. doi:https://doi.org/10.1136/thorax.55.1.12 235 11.8
61 von Eiff, M., et al., Pulmonary aspergillosis: early diagnosis improves survival. Respiration; international review of thoracic diseases, 1995. 62(6): p. 341–7. doi:https://doi.org/10.1159/000196477 235 9.4
62 Marchant, J.M., et al., Evaluation and outcome of young children with chronic cough. Chest, 2006. 129(5): p. 1132–1141. doi:https://doi.org/10.1378/chest.129.5.1132 233 16.6
63 Qiu, Y.S., et al., Biopsy neutrophilia, neutrophil chemokine and receptor gene expression in severe exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 2003. 168(8): p. 968–975. doi:https://doi.org/10.1164/rccm.200208-794OC 230 13.5
64 Salvi, S.S., et al., Acute exposure to diesel exhaust increases IL-8 and GRO-alpha production in healthy human airways. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 2000. 161(2): p. 550–557. doi:https://doi.org/10.1164/ajrccm.161.2.9905052 230 11.5
65 Utz, J.P., S.J. Swensen, and M.A. Gertz, Pulmonary amyloidosis. The Mayo Clinic experience from 1980 to 1993. Annals of internal medicine, 1996. 124(4): p. 407–13. doi:https://doi.org/10.7326/0003-4819-124-4-199,602,150-00004 229 9.5
66 Calhoun, W.J., et al., A common cold virus, rhinovirus 16, potentiates airway inflammation after segmental antigen bronchoprovocation in allergic subjects. The Journal of clinical investigation, 1994. 94(6): p. 2200–8. doi:https://doi.org/10.1172/jci117581 229 8.8
67 Fahy, J.V., et al., Comparison of samples collected by sputum induction and bronchoscopy from asthmatic and healthy subjects. American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine, 1995. 152(1): p. 53–8. doi:https://doi.org/10.1164/ajrccm.152.1.7599862 227 9.1
68 Morelon, E., et al., Characteristics of sirolimus-associated interstitial pneumonitis in renal transplant patients. Transplantation, 2001. 72(5): p. 787–790. doi:https://doi.org/10.1097/00007890-200,109,150-00008 226 11.9
69 Cavaliere, S., et al., Endoscopic treatment of malignant airway obstructions in 2008 patients. Chest, 1996. 110(6): p. 1536–42. doi:https://doi.org/10.1378/chest.110.6.1536 226 9.4
70 Sanchez-Nieto, J.M., et al., Impact of invasive and noninvasive quantitative culture sampling on outcome of ventilator-associated pneumonia: a pilot study. American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine, 1998. 157(2): p. 371–6. doi:https://doi.org/10.1164/ajrccm.157.2.97-02039 225 10.2
71 Vining, D.J., et al., Virtual bronchoscopy. Relationships of virtual reality endobronchial simulations to actual bronchoscopic findings. Chest, 1996. 109(2): p. 549–53. doi:https://doi.org/10.1378/chest.109.2.549 224 9.3
72 Sethi, S., et al., Airway inflammation and bronchial bacterial colonization in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 2006. 173(9): p. 991–998. doi:https://doi.org/10.1164/rccm.200509-1525OC 221 15.8
73 Toma, T.P., et al., Bronchoscopic volume reduction with valve implants in patients with severe emphysema. Lancet, 2003. 361(9361): p. 931–933. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(03)12762-6 218 12.8
74 Swenson, E.R., et al., Pathogenesis of high-altitude pulmonary edema - Inflammation is not an etiologic factor. Jama-Journal of the American Medical Association, 2002. 287(17): p. 2228–2235. doi:https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.287.17.2228 218 12.1
75 Pesci, A., et al., Inflammatory cells and mediators in bronchial lavage of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The European respiratory journal, 1998. 12(2): p. 380–6. doi:https://doi.org/10.1183/09031936.98.12020380 215 9.8
76 Thiberville, L., et al., In vivo imaging of the bronchial wall microstructure using fibered confocal fluorescence microscopy. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 2007. 175(1): p. 22–31. doi:https://doi.org/10.1164/rccm.200605-684OC 214 16.5
77 Hirshberg, B., et al., Hemoptysis: etiology, evaluation, and outcome in a tertiary referral hospital. Chest, 1997. 112(2): p. 440–4. doi:https://doi.org/10.1378/chest.112.2.440 213 9.3
78 Schwarz, Y., et al., Real-time electromagnetic navigation bronchoscopy to peripheral lung lesions using overlaid CT images - The first human study. Chest, 2006. 129(4): p. 988–994. doi:https://doi.org/10.1378/chest.129.4.988 211 15.1
79 Conte, J.E., et al., Intrapulmonary pharmacokinetics of linezolid. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 2002. 46(5): p. 1475–1480. doi:https://doi.org/10.1128/aac.46.5.1475-1480.2002 211 11.7
80 Lamer, C., et al., Analysis of vancomycin entry into pulmonary lining fluid by bronchoalveolar lavage in critically ill patients. Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 1993. 37(2): p. 281–6. doi:https://doi.org/10.1128/aac.37.2.281 211 7.8
81 Lee, H.S., et al., Real-time endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration in mediastinal staging of non-small cell lung cancer - How many aspirations per target lymph node station? Chest, 2008. 134(2): p. 368–374. doi:https://doi.org/10.1378/chest.07-2105 210 17.5
82 Diette, G.B., et al., Distraction therapy with nature sights and sounds reduces pain during flexible bronchoscopy - A complementary approach to routine analgesia. Chest, 2003. 123(3): p. 941–948. doi:https://doi.org/10.1378/chest.123.3.941 208 12.2
83 Warke, T.J., et al., Exhaled nitric oxide correlates with airway eosinophils in childhood asthma. Thorax, 2002. 57(5): p. 383–387. doi:https://doi.org/10.1136/thorax.57.5.383 207 11.5
84 Virchow, J.C., et al., Neurotrophins are increased in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid after segmental allergen provocation. American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine, 1998. 158(6): p. 2002–5. doi:https://doi.org/10.1164/ajrccm.158.6.9803023 207 9.4
85 Gizycki, M.J., et al., Myofibroblast involvement in the allergen-induced late response in mild atopic asthma. American journal of respiratory cell and molecular biology, 1997. 16(6): p. 664–73. doi:https://doi.org/10.1165/ajrcmb.16.6.9191468 207 9.0
86 Fagon, J.Y., et al., Characterization of distal bronchial microflora during acute exacerbation of chronic bronchitis. Use of the protected specimen brush technique in 54 mechanically ventilated patients. The American review of respiratory disease, 1990. 142(5): p. 1004–8. doi:https://doi.org/10.1164/ajrccm/142.5.1004 206 6.9
87 Barbato, A., et al., Epithelial damage and angiogenesis in the airways of children with asthma. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 2006. 174(9): p. 975–981. doi:https://doi.org/10.1164/rccm.200602-189OC 205 14.6
88 Morrison, D., et al., Epithelial permeability, inflammation, and oxidant stress in the air spaces of smokers. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 1999. 159(2): p. 473–479. doi:https://doi.org/10.1164/ajrccm.159.2.9804080 205 9.8
89 Pham, L.H., et al., Diagnosis of nosocomial pneumonia in mechanically ventilated patients. Comparison of a plugged telescoping catheter with the protected specimen brush. The American review of respiratory disease, 1991. 143(5 Pt 1): p. 1055–61. doi:https://doi.org/10.1164/ajrccm/143.5_Pt_1.1055 205 7.1
90 Angrill, J., et al., Bacterial colonisation in patients with bronchiectasis: microbiological pattern and risk factors. Thorax, 2002. 57(1): p. 15–19. doi:https://doi.org/10.1136/thorax.57.1.15 204 11.3
91 Ruiz, M., et al., Noninvasive versus invasive microbial investigation in ventilator-associated pneumonia - Evaluation of outcome. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 2000. 162(1): p. 119–125. doi:https://doi.org/10.1164/ajrccm.162.1.9907090 204 10.2
92 Hattotuwa, K.L., et al., The effects of inhaled fluticasone on airway inflammation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease - A double-blind, placebo-controlled biopsy study. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 2002. 165(12): p. 1592–1596. doi:https://doi.org/10.1164/rccm.2105025 203 11.3
93 Verleden, G.M., et al., Azithromycin reduces airway neutrophilia and interleukin-8 in patients with bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 2006. 174(5): p. 566–570. doi:https://doi.org/10.1164/rccm.200601-071OC 202 14.4
94 Cox, G., et al., Bronchial thermoplasty for asthma. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 2006. 173(9): p. 965–969. doi:https://doi.org/10.1164/rccm.200507-1162OC 201 14.4
95 Harrow, E.M., et al., The utility of transbronchial needle aspiration in the staging of bronchogenic carcinoma. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 2000. 161(2): p. 601–607. doi:https://doi.org/10.1164/ajrccm.161.2.9902040 201 10.1
96 Garwood, S., et al., Endobronchial ultrasound for the diagnosis of pulmonary sarcoidosis. Chest, 2007. 132(4): p. 1298–1304. doi:https://doi.org/10.1378/chest.07-0998 200 15.4
97 Armstrong, D.S., et al., Bronchoalveolar lavage or oropharyngeal cultures to identify lower respiratory pathogens in infants with cystic fibrosis. Pediatric pulmonology, 1996. 21(5): p. 267–75. doi:https://doi.org/10.1002/(sici)1099-0496(199605)21:5 < 267::aid-ppul1 > 3.0.co;2-k 198 8.3
98 Pue, C.A. and E.R. Pacht, Complications of fiberoptic bronchoscopy at a university hospital. Chest, 1995. 107(2): p. 430–2. doi:https://doi.org/10.1378/chest.107.2.430 198 7.9
99 Molyneaux, P.L., et al., The Role of Bacteria in the Pathogenesis and Progression of Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 2014. 190(8): p. 906–913. doi:https://doi.org/10.1164/rccm.201403-0541OC 197 32.8
100 Eberhardt, R., et al., Electromagnetic navigation diagnostic bronchoscopy in peripheral lung lesions. Chest, 2007. 131(6): p. 1800–1805. doi:https://doi.org/10.1378/chest.06-3016 196 15.1