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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics

From: Value of multidetector computed tomography angiography before bronchial artery embolization in hemoptysis management and early recurrence prediction: a prospective study

Characteristics N = 57
Age, years 54.4 ± 16.6
Sex
 Male 40 (70.2)
 Female 17 (29.8)
Underlying diseases
 Cardiovascular diseases 11 (19.3)
 Diabetes mellitus 5 (8.8)
 Chronic liver diseases 4 (7.0)
Pulmonary TB history 23 (40.4)
Extent of lung diseases
 ≤ 3 lobes 31 (54.4)
  > 3 lobes 26 (45.6)
Grade of hemoptysis
 Massive 21 (36.8)
 Moderate 18 (31.6)
 Mild 18 (31.6)
Etiology
 Bronchiectasis 23 (40.4)
 Active/reactivated TB 22 (38.6)
 Aspergilloma 10 (17.5)
 Others 2 (3.5)
Embolic agent
 Polyvinyl alcohol 43 (75.4)
 Combination* 14 (24.6)
Follow-up duration, months 4.7 ± 3.2
  1. Data are reported as n (%) or mean ± SD [standard deviation]
  2. Other etiologies include nontuberculous Mycobacteria (NTM, n = 1) and unknown cause (n = 1)
  3. *Combination of polyvinyl alcohol and gelatin sponge
  4. TB: tuberculosis