Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of the study populations and comparison between sample 1 and 2 regarding baseline demographics and NEAT a and ACT b scores

From: Impact of pulmonary rehabilitation on patients’ health care needs and asthma control: a quasi-experimental study

Variables Sample 1 –rehabilitation group
n = 150
Sample 2 - control group
n = 78
p c
Female Gender, n (%) 88 (58.67) 65 (83.33) <  0.001
Age (years), mean (SD) 52.87 (11.50) 45.26 (12.19) <  0.001
School education d, n (%)    <  0.001
 Low 46 (30.67) 11 (14.10)  
 Middle 67 (44.67) 31 (39.74)  
 High 37 (24.67) 34 (43.59)  
Any allergy e, n (%) 117 (78.00) 70 (89.74) 0.05
NEAT a total score baseline, mean (SD) 5.73 (3.39) 5.72 (3.93) 0.99
NEAT a total score follow-up, mean (SD) 3.13 (2.94) 5.93 (3.77) <  0.001
ACT b total score baseline, mean (SD) 17.39 (4.61) 16.99 (4.81) 0.42
ACT b total score follow-up, mean (SD) 19.55 (4.17) 17.56 (5.36) 0.01
Adequate asthma control at baseline f, n (%) 52/139 (34.66) 28/78 (35.90) 0.94
Adequate asthma control at follow-up f, n (%) 84/139 (56.00) 34/78 (43.59) 0.03
Follow-up period, mean days (SD) 22.83 (5.00) 30.85 (5.25) <  0.001
  1. a NEAT Needs in Asthma Treatment Questionnaire (score range: 0–13)
  2. b ACT Asthma Control Test (score range: 5–25)
  3. c Comparison between sample 1 and 2 regarding baseline demographics and NEAT and ACT scores, carried out by unpaired t tests (age, follow-up period, NEAT and ACT scores) and chi-squared-tests (gender, school education, reported allergies)
  4. d High = general qualification for university entrance (“Abitur”) or entrance qualification limited to universities of applied sciences (“Fachhochschulreife”); intermediate = secondary school level I certificate (“Mittlere Reife”); low = secondary modern school qualification (“Haupt−/Volksschulabschluss”) or no formal school degree
  5. e Reports of allergy to either foods, pollen, dust mites, fur, insect venom, drugs or allergic contact eczema in response to cosmetics, lotions and alike
  6. f Defined as a score ≥ 20 on the Asthma Control Test