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Table 1 Summary of the included studies

From: Medical thoracoscopy treatment for pleural infections: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Author Title Study year Type of study Mono/multicentre Setting Study period Sample size, n Therapeutic thoracoscopy, n (%)
Solèr [10] Treatment of early parapneumonic empyema by "medical" thoracoscopy 1997 Case series Monocentre Switzerland Dec 1992–Sep 1994 16 16 (100.0)
Brutsche [11] Treatment of sonographically stratified multiloculated thoracic empyema by medical thoracoscopy 2005 Retrospective study Multicentre Italy/Switzerland 1989–2003 127 127 (100.0)
Ravaglia [12] Is medical thoracoscopy efficient in the management of multiloculated and organized thoracic empyema? 2012 Retrospective observational study Monocentre Italy Jul 2005–Feb 2011 41 41 (100.0)
Ohuchi [13] Single trocar thoracoscopy under local anesthesia for pleural space infection 2014 Case series Monocentre Japan Jan 2000–Dec 2012 29 29 (100.0)
Xiong [14] Role of medical thoracoscopy in the treatment of tuberculous pleural effusion 2016 Retrospective study Monocentre China Jan 2009–Jun 2014 430 65 (15.1)
Abo-El-maged [15] Safety and efficacy of medical thoracoscopy in the management of loculated thoracic empyema 2017 Retrospective observational study Monocentre Egypt Oct 2015–Aug 2016 30 30 (100.0)
Hardavella [16] Hippocrates quoted “If an Empyema Does Not Rupture, Death Will Occur”. Is medical thoracoscopy able to make it rupture safely? 2017 Retrospective observational study Multicentre UK/Greece Jan 2001–Nov 2014 84 84 (100.0)
Sumalani [17] Role of medical thoracoscopy in the management of multiloculated empyema 2018 Case series Monocentre Pakistan Sep 2014–Aug 2016 160 160 (100.0)
  1. US United States, UK United Kingdom