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Table 3 Complications following medical thoracoscopy

From: Medical thoracoscopy treatment for pleural infections: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Study n (%) Complications detail n (%)
Solèr et al. [10]
Brutsche et al. [11] 12/127 (9.5) Air leak of 3–7 days 9/127 (7.1)
Subcutaneous emphysema 3/127 (2.4)
Ravaglia et al. [12] 3/41 (7.3) Cutaneous fistula 1/41 (2.4)
Residual pneumothorax 1/41 (2.4)
Haemothorax 1/41 (2.4)
Ohuchi et al. [13] 1/29 (3.5) Port insertion to the abdominal cavity 1/29 (3.5)
Xiong et al. [14] 2/65 (3.1) Subcutaneous tuberculous abscess 2/65 (3.1)
Abo-El-maged et al. [15] 8/30 (26.7) Failure of lung expand 3 (10.0)
Broncho-pleural fistula 1 (3.3)
Surgical emphysema 4 (13.3)
Hardavella et al. [16] 11/84 (13.1) Atrial fibrillation 4/84 (4.8)
Port site infection 3/84 (3.6)
Air leak of 3–7 days 2/84 (2.4)
Postoperative pneumoniae 1/84 (1.2)
Deep vein thrombosis 1/84 (1.2)
Sumalani et al. [17] 10/160 (6.3) Persistent air leak 9/160 (5.6)
   Death 1/160 (0.6)