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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of children’s 2–59 months age in Amhara region, Northwest Ethiopia, 2018 (n = 296 case and 592 controls)

From: Predictors of community acquired childhood pneumonia among 2–59 months old children in the Amhara Region, Ethiopia

Variables Pneumonia status
Cases, n (%) Controls, n (%)
Residence
 Urban 210 (70.9) 470 (79.4)
 Rural 86 (29.1) 122 (20.6)
Sex of child
 Male 156 (52.7) 282 (47.6)
 Female 140 (47.3) 310 (52.4)
Age of the child, months
 2–11 62 (20.9) 162 (27.4)
 12–23 92 (31.1) 170 (28.7)
 24–35 64 (21.7) 102 (17.2)
 36–47 48 (16).2 78 (13.2)
 48–59 30 (10.1) 80 (13.5)
Age of the mother, years
 18–24 38 (12.8) 266 (44.9)
 25–34 234 (79.1) 298 (50.4)
 ≥ 35 24 (8.1) 28 (4.7)
Educational status of mother
 Primary 1–4 64 (21.6) 116 (19.6)
 Primary 5–8 110 (37.1) 114 (19.2)
 Secondary 9–12 94 (31.8) 216 (36.5)
 College/higher education 28 (9.5) 146 (24.7)
Marital status of mother
 Married 260 (87.8) 566 (95.6)
 Divorced/widowed 36 (12.2) 26 (4.4)
Educational status of father
 Primary 1–4 52 (16.9) 104 (15.5)
 Primary 5–8 108 (36.5) 158 (26.7)
 Secondary 9–12 72 (24.3) 104 (17.6)
 College/higher education 64 (21.6) 226 (38.2)
Mother occupation
 Housewife 192 (64.9) 296 (50.0)
 Student 32 (10.8) 76 (12.8)
 Government employee 36 (12.2) 152 (25.7)
 Merchant 24 (8.1) 52 (8.8)
 Others 12 (4.0) 16 (2.7)
House hold monthly income
 < 2500 Birr 32 (10.82) 84 (14.1)
 2500–6000Birr 206 (69.59) 426 (72.0)
 > 6000Birr 58 (19.59) 82 (13.9)
Number of under-five children in the family
 1–2 children 70 (23.6) 178 (30.1)
 > 3 children 226 (76.4) 414 (69.9)
  1. Others = refers to private employee, NGO employee and daily laborer