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Table 5 Determinant factors of Community Acquired childhood Pneumonia among children age 2–59 months in Amhara region, Ethiopia, 2018 (n = 296 case and 592 controls)

From: Predictors of community acquired childhood pneumonia among 2–59 months old children in the Amhara Region, Ethiopia

Variables Pneumonia status OR at 95% CI
Cases, n (%) Controls, n (%) COR (95%CI) AOR (95%CI)
Age of the mother (years)
 18–24 38 (12.8) 266 (44.9) 0.17 (0.07, 0.41)* 0.03 (0.01, 0.14)*
 25–34 234 (79.1) 298 (50.4) 0.92 (0.41, 2.06) 0.51 (0.16, 1.62)
  >= 35 24 (8.1) 28 (4.7) 1.0 1.0
Maternal occupation
 Housewife 192 (64.9) 296 (50.0) 1.0 1.0
 Student 32 (10.8) 76 (12.8) 0.65 (0.34, 1.23) 2.03 (0.73, 5.64)
 Gov’t employee 36 (12.2) 152 (25.7) 0.37 (0.21, 0.65)* 0.19 (0.07, 0.54)*
 Merchant 24 (8.1) 52 (8.8) 0.71 (0.34, 1.48) 0.96 (0.37, 2.52)
 Others 12 (4.0) 16 (2.7) 1.16 (0.39, 3.44) 2.15 (0.47, 9.68)
Separate kitchen with available windows during cooking
 No 108 (36.5) 20 (3.4) 16.4 (8.05, 33.55)** 5.37 (1.65, 17.43)**
 Yes 188 (63.5) 572 (96.6) 1.0 1.0
Diarrhea in the Last 2 weeks
 Yes 117 (39.5%) 74 (12.5%) 4.02 (2.49, 6.50)** 10.2 (5.13, 20.18)**
 No 179 (60.5%) 259 (87.5%) 1.0 1.0
History of Lower Respiratory Infection in the last 2 weeks
 Yes 62 (20.9%) 24 (4.1%) 6.27 (3.11, 12.6)** 8.3 (3.32, 20.6)**
 No 234 (79.1%) 568 (95.9%) 1.0 1.0
History of Parental Asthma in the family
 Yes 75 (25.3%) 51 (8.6%) 3.59 (2.08, 6.19)** 4.9 (2.42, 10.18)**
 No 221 (74.7%) 541 (91.4%) 1.0 1.0