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Table 3 Etiologies of ARDS in patients with and without cancer

From: Etiology-associated heterogeneity in acute respiratory distress syndrome: a retrospective cohort study

Etiologies of ARDS Cancer, n = 111 No cancer, n = 147 p-value
n (%) n (%)
Pneumonia 55 (50) 70 (48) 0.76
 Bacterial pneumonia 40 (73) 47 (67) 0.50
 Influenza 4 (7) 5 (7) 1.0
 Pneumocystis jiroveci 7 (13) 8 (11) 0.82
 Other pathogens 4 (7) 10 (14) 0.22
Extra-pulmonary sepsis 16 (14) 14 (10) 0.23
Aspiration 3 (3) 5 (3) 1.0
Noncardiogenic shock 4 (4) 5 (3) 0.93
Transfusion 2 (2) 4 (3) 0.70
Drug toxicity 2 (2) 3 (2) 1.0
Other etiologiesa 0 (0) 13 (9) 0.001
Uncertain 29 (26) 33 (22) 0.49
  1. aIncluding pancreatitis, burn and trauma