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Table 1 The profile of patients who developed CAAE after thermal ablation for endobronchial tumour

From: Cerebral arterial air embolism after endobronchial electrocautery: a case report and review of the literature

Reference number [5] [6] [7] [8]  
Author and year Osseiran et al Mimy et al Yasmeen et al Kanchustambham et al This case
  2008 2011 2012 2017  
Patient characteristic
 Age 64 48 88 68 56
 Sex Male Male Female Male Male
 Procedure APC Thermocoagulation APC APC Electrocautery
 Location RML LUL RUL Bronchus intermedius RUL
 Positioning N/A N/A Semi-recumbent Semi-recumbent Supine
 Bleeding N/A  > 200 mL 100 mL Middle Little
 Sedation Midazolam N/A N/A Fentanyl, Midazolam (-)
Diagnosis, treatment and outcome of CAAE
 Air bubbles in the CT images (+) (+) (+) (-) (+)
 Echocardiography shows air N/A (–) N/A (–) N/A
 Oxygen delivery Intubation Intubation, HBO2 Intubation NBO2, HBO2 HBO2
 Seizure (+) (+) (+) (+) (+)
 Outcome Dead Dead Dead Almost improved Almost improved
  1. APC argon plasma coagulation, RML right middle lobe, LUL left upper lobe, RUL right upper lobe, N/A not available, HBO2, hyperbaric oxygen, NBO2 normobaric oxygen