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Table 2 Dyspnoea and cough in overall population in three-time points: before hospitalization, during the hospitalization, and at study visit-time; VAS: Visual Analogic Scale

From: Residual respiratory impairment after COVID-19 pneumonia

  Before hospitalization During Covid-19 hospitalization Visit-time p value
Dyspnoea VAS 4.5 (1.3) 47.4 (3.2) °# 19.8 (2.1) #  < 0.001
Cough VAS 2.9 (1.2) 31.8 (3.1) °# 5.5 (1.3)  < 0.001
  1. Data are reported as estimated means (Standard Error) after adjustment for age used as covariate in the ANOVA model. ° p value < 0.05 vs “before hospitalization”. # p value < 0.05 vs “visit-time”