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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of patients with acute ruptured PAVMs

From: Massive haemorrhagic complications of ruptured pulmonary arteriovenous malformations: outcomes from a 12 years’ retrospective study

  Haemoptysis Haemothorax
Subjects n 13 5
Age in years (range) 48.7 ± 15.8 (17–67) 53.4 ± 23.7 (18–72)
Female/Male 8/5 3/2
HHT (F/M)   
 Definite 7 (4/3) 3 (2/1)
 Possible 2 (2/0) 0
 SaO2 (%) 95.2 ± 2.8 90.7 ± 6.9
 PaO2 (mmHg) 76.3 ± 13.0 61.3 ± 10.2
Haemoglobin (g/L) 102.4 ± 24.6 100.7 ± 10.9
Leukocyte (10^9/L) 8.0 ± 3.5 5.3 ± 1.2
Concomitant diseases   
 Tuberculosis 1 0
 Bronchiectasis 2 1
 Chronic bronchitis 0 2
 None 10 2
  1. Data are presented as n or mean ± standard deviation. PAVM pulmonary arteriovenous malformation, HHT hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia, PaO2 partial pressure of oxygen, SaO2 arterial oxygen saturation